GRID product detail

Downscaling stream flow time series from monthly to daily scales using an auto-regressive stochastic algorithm: StreamFARM


Duration: November 2016 - on-going

Downscaling methods are used to derive stream flow at a high temporal resolution from a data series that has a coarser time resolution. These algorithms are useful for many applications, such as water management and statistical analysis, because in many cases stream flow time series are available with coarse temporal steps (monthly), especially when considering historical data; however, in many cases, data that have a finer temporal resolution are needed (daily). In this study, we considered a simple but efficient stochastic auto-regressive model that is able to downscale the available stream flow data from monthly to daily time resolution and applied it to a large dataset that covered the entire North and Central American continent. Basins with different drainage areas and different hydro-climatic characteristics were considered, and the results show the general good ability of the analysed model to downscale monthly stream flows to daily stream flows, especially regarding the reproduction of the annual maxima. If the performance in terms of the reproduction of hydrographs and duration curves is considered, better results are obtained for those cases in which the hydrologic regime is such that the annual maxima stream flow show low or medium variability, which means that they have a low or medium coefficient of variation; however, when the variability increases, the performance of the model decreases

Data credit(s): Christian Herold (UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Geneva)

GRID unit: Global Change and Vulnerability

UNEP region: Global

UNEP priorities:  Climate Change, Ecosystems Management

english version (2016, Size:5.34Mb)