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Chapter Three: Policy Responses - Latin America and the Caribbean

Conclusions

During the past decade, there has been a strong increase in concern for environmental issues. Almost all countries have created environmental institutions and developed new environmental laws and regulations. While it is too early to judge the effectiveness of the measures that have been taken, preliminary analyses indicate that environmental management continues to concentrate on sectoral perspectives, without coherent and explicit integration with economic and social strategies. The lack of financing, technology, personnel and training and, in some cases, overly large and complex legal frameworks are the most common problems.

The level of ratification and adoption of global and regional MEAs is high. While the impact of MEAs on the environment is difficult to assess, they have succeeded in raising awareness of environmental matters among decision-makers and the public. This, however, has seldom led to the prioritization of environmental issues in the political agenda or national budgets. Policy action should focus on overcoming the numerous barriers that exist to the successful implementation of MEAs. These include:

Priorities for policy action in key sectors are:

Forests and land use

The urban environment

The coastal and marine environment


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