Figure 4.24. Projected changes in total fertility, life expectancy, and resulting changes in population for India, Mexico, the Netherlands, and the world.

Niessen et al. (1996).
The following were used to calculate the population index: Netherlands, 1800 = 100; India, Mexico, and the world, 1900 = 100. Total fertility is defined as the average number of children a woman would have if she experienced current fertility during her lifetime.