- The nuclear reactor of the VINCA research institute near Belgrade has not been
working for more than 15 years. A significant amount of U-235 enriched and unused
fuel, however, apparently remains in its interior. Highly radioactive material presumably
for research activities is also located in several research laboratories.1
Tests conduced by the Bulgarian
Ministry of Environment show no deviations from the previous gamma radiation levels.
Large flocks of birds which
normally nest in Yugoslavia have instead been taking refuge in Macedonia, according to the
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.2
NATO has admitted dumping
unexploded bombs into the Adriatic Sea. The procedures were carried out in international
waters in "designated areas" for this type of operation, with bombs being dumped
in six sites of eight kilometers diameter. The dumping is "obligatory"
when: a pilot comes back in an emergency status from a mission, the bomb release
didnt work or the plane is short of fuel. The Italian Government had not been
informed of this procedure, and has requested an official explanation from NATO.3
The Governments of Bulgaria and
Romania have provided WWF with a list of the equipment needed for monitoring, detection
and alleviation of water quality problems.4
The Yugoslav representative at
the Danube Pollution Reduction Programme meeting indicated that in addition to oil, three
of the substances released to the environment during the bombing were chlorine, mercury
and vinylchloride monomer. Neither of the latter two substances have been analysed by the
Bulgarian or Romanian authorities.
In Bulgaria, samples from the
Vladaiska River and rain indicate no change in the content of uranium or any other toxic
substance since the military operations were initiated.5
- In Belgrade, 350000 persons are estimated to be without heat due to
destruction of a central heating plant.
UNDP announced on 13 May the
creation of the "Clean and Green Macedonia" project, which will provide
short-term employment for 900 unskilled workers who are among the host families
accommodating refugees. These workers will clean up public areas near the Stankovac camp
in Skopje and the Neprosteno camp in the municipality of Tetovo. UNDP intends to replicate
this project in other parts of the country with the financial support of international
Sanitation is a growing concern
in Cegrane camp, where there are 200 people using each latrine (five time the number each
is meant to serve).7
Institute of Nuclear Sciences, FRY, 5/11/99.
2. The Guardian, 5/17/99.
3. ANSA, Italian News Agency, 5/17/99.
4. WWF, 5/13/99.
5. BTA, Bulgarian News Agency, 5/17/99
6. UNDP, 5/14/99.
7. UNICEF, 5/14/99.