Three teams of
international experts from BTF left for Serbia and Kosovo, to begin work on an independent
assessment of the environmental and human settlements impacts of the Balkans conflict.
Bernard Kouchner arrived
in Kosovo on 15 July to take up the post of Special Representative of United Nations
Kofi Annan said in a speech to the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
(OSCE), on 20 July, that failure by the international community to help restore water
supplies and other essential services in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) now
could result in an exodus of Serbs. He also said it would take at least 10 years to
complete reconstruction under the so-called new Marshall Plan, or stability pact, for the
A mission of the
Austrian Federal Environment Agency (led by UNEP/INFOTERRA NFP representant Johannes
Mayer) was organised in Sofia from 12 to 20 July to check at a more informal expert level
data on the environmental impact of the conflict. A documented report will be available in
The second phase of the
FOCUS humanitarian operation has started in FRY on 20 July. A detailed chemical and
radiological study of soil, water and air was underway in Pancevo, a suburb of Belgrade.
Mobile chemical and radiological laboratories were brought to Yugoslavia from Russia. The
labs will test samples of soil, water and air near the potentially hazardous sites in FRY.
World Bank President
James D. Wolfensohn visited Albania, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and
Kosovo. He called on the international community to be generous in their financial support
for rebuilding the province.
On 16 July, the
Government of Japan decided to extend to the UNHCR and the World Food Programme (WFP) a
total of 20 million dollars as additional humanitarian assistance to the Kosovar refugees
in response to a U.N. emergency appeal. The assistance comprises a financial contribution
of 18 million dollars to UNHCR and 240 million yen to the WFP. Of the contribution to the
UNHCR, two million dollars will be allocated for the procurement, transportation,
construction and maintenance of temporary shelter (500 prefabricated houses). Construction
of these prefabricated houses and related activities will be carried out by Japanese NGOs
based on a contract with the UNHCR. The remaining 16 million dollars will be allocated for
UNHCR's activities in sectors such as shelter, logistics and health/sanitation.