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Balkans Task Force (BTF)
Situation Report No. 11

UNCHS (Habitat)

Thursday, 1 July 1999
Overview
  • Two weeks after its return to Kosovo, UNHCR began the organized repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Kosovar refugees, on 28 June.

  • The World Bank approved a US$10 million equivalent credit for a Social Support Project for the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) to mitigate the economic disruption caused by the Balkans conflict, and the negative social and economic impact of bankruptcy and labor restructuring of Majority State-Owned Enterprises (MSOEs), on 29 June.1

  • The reconstruction of Kosovo will cost at least three billion euros over a three-year period, with half that amount coming from the European Union (EU), François Lamoureux from the European Commission said in Paris on 28 June. EU Commissioner Yves-Thibault de Silguy said the reconstruction costs may surpass 1.5 billion euros per year, and stressed that no money would be given to Serbia as long as President Slobodan Milosevic remains in power.2

  • The Public Health Institute in Novi Sad is to receive assistance in measuring the quality of water, soil and air from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The institute is responsible for environmental control in Vojvodina, where the need for such control has substantially increased since the refineries and chemical plants in the area were attacked during the NATO campaign. The equipment being procured by the ICRC for the Institute includes a highly sophisticated instrument to measure fallout from the decomposition of crude oil, an ultraviolet spectrophotometer to check the composition of water, corresponding software and disposable laboratory material.3

  • According to UNHCR, more than 500’000 refugees have returned spontaneously to Kosovo since the cessation of hostilities. In addition, 71’400 Serbian civilians have fled Kosovo towards Montenegro (21'400) and Serbia (50’000). The estimated number of Kosovo Albanian refugees and displaced people in the region affected now stands at 256‘300,

 

1. Worldbank, 6/29/99.
2. AFP, Paris, 6/28/99.
3. ICRC, 6/24/99.
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