Contents Full List of Documents
Main Menu Brief Contents
Introduction General Information
Welcome What is the Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis
Help How to work with the Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis
Preface A joint commitment to saving the Black Sea
Guide Users’ guide to the Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis
Contributors Contributors to the Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis
Contact How to contact authors and designers
Acronyms Abbreviations used in the Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis
Level One Perceived Major Problems: Their Root Causes and Areas where Action is Proposed
1.a The Black Sea map
1.b The catchment area of the Black Sea
1.1 Perceived major problems: their main root causes and areas where action is proposed
1.2 Main root causes
1.3 Areas where action is proposed
Level Two Action Areas: An Overview of the Specific Actions Proposed for each Identified Issue
2.A Reduction of Pollution
2.A.1 Assessment of the discharge of chemical and micro-biological contaminants to coastal and marine areas
2.A.2 Monitoring the levels and effects of pollutants for compliance and for long-term trends, data exchange
2.A.3 Control of pollution hot spots in the Black Sea coastal region
2.A.4.1 Reduction and regulation of operational discharges (point sources)
2.A.4.2 Reduction and regulation of operational discharges (dumping)
2.A.4.2 Municipal garbage dumped in a sensitive Black Sea wetland
2.A.4.3 Reduction and regulation of operational discharges (vessels)
2.A.4.3 Tanker traffic through and within the Black Sea during 1995
2.A.4.3 The 100,000 ton oil tanker Nassia, on fire near the Bosphorus on March 1994
2.A.5 Prevention of emergencies and contingency planning
2.B Living Resources Management
2.B.1 Commercially exploited species
2.B.1 Fish landings and fishing fleet in the Black Sea
2.B.2 Loss or imminent loss of endangered species in the Black Sea and its wetlands
2.B.2 Black Sea wetlands
2.B.3 Protection of habitats and landscape
2.B.3 Land use in the Black Sea region
2.B.3 The Black Sea coast
2.C Sustainable Human Development
2.C.1 Improving planning in coastal areas, including urban and industrial zones
2.C.2.1 Developing aquaculture and sustainable tourism (aquaculture)
2.C.2.1 Sea cages for salmon and trout
2.C.2.2 Developing aquaculture and sustainable tourism (development of sustainable tourism)
2.C.3 Involving the public in environmental decision-making
2.C.3 Ecological demonstration in Turkey
Level Three Detailed Analysis of Selected Issues
3.A Reduction of Pollution
3.A.1 Pollutant Loads
3.A.1 Sources of pollution to the Black Sea
3.A.1.1 All pollutant loads (summary)
3.A.1.2 BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand) Pollutant Loads
3.A.1.2 Summary 3.A.1.2.a 3.A.1.2.b
3.A.1.2.1.a Domestic sources 3.A.1.2.1.b
3.A.1.2.2.a Industrial sources 3.A.1.2.2.b
3.A.1.2.3.a Riverine sources 3.A.1.2.3.b
3.A.1.2.4.a International sources 3.A.1.2.4.b
3.A.1.3 TSS (Total Suspended Solids) Pollutant Loads
3.A.1.3 Summary 3.A.1.3.a 3.A.1.3.b
3.A.1.3.1.a Domestic sources 3.A.1.3.1.b
3.A.1.3.2.a Industrial sources 3.A.1.3.2.b
3.A.1.3.3.a Riverine sources 3.A.1.3.3.b
3.A.1.3.4.a International sources 3.A.1.3.4.b
3.A.1.4 TN (Total Nitrogen) Pollutant Loads
3.A.1.4 Summary 3.A.1.4.a 3.A.1.4.b
3.A.1.4.1.a Domestic sources 3.A.1.4.1.b
3.A.1.4.2.a Industrial sources 3.A.1.4.2.b
3.A.1.4.3.a Riverine sources 3.A.1.4.3.b
3.A.1.4.4.a International sources 3.A.1.4.4.b
3.A.1.5 TP (Total Phosphorus) Pollutant Loads
3.A.1.5 Summary 3.A.1.5.a 3.A.1.5.b
3.A.1.5.1.a Domestic sources 3.A.1.5.1.b
3.A.1.5.2.a Industrial sources 3.A.1.5.2.b
3.A.1.5.3.a Riverine sources 3.A.1.5.3.b
3.A.1.5.4.a International sources 3.A.1.5.4.b
3.A.1.6 TN, TP and TOC pollutant exchange through Bosphorus
3.A.1.7 Pollutant inputs into the Sea of Azov through rivers
3.A.1.8 Oil pollution of the Black Sea
3.A.1.8 Estimated inputs of oil to the Black Sea
3.A.2 Pollution Surveys
3.A.2.1 Pollution surveys in the Black Sea
3.A.2.2 Insufficient information flow and data exchange
3.A.2.3 State of recreational waters and beaches in the Black Sea coastal area
3.A.3 Hot Spots in the Black Sea Region
3.A.3.1 Hot spots (overview)
3.A.3.2 Hot spots (summary)
3.A.3.2.a Hot spots (Bulgaria) 3.A.3.2.a
3.A.3.2.b Hot spots (Georgia) 3.A.3.2.b
3.A.3.2.c Hot spots (Romania) 3.A.3.2.c
3.A.3.2.d Hot spots (Russia) 3.A.3.2.d
3.A.3.2.e Hot spots (Turkey) 3.A.3.2.e
3.A.3.2.f Hot spots (Ukraine) 3.A.3.2.f
3.A.3.3 Estimated operation and maintainance cost
3.B Living Resources Management
3.B.1 Fisheries Issues
3.B.1 Fisheries issues: status of stocks and management of wild resources
3.B.1.1.a Summary table by ecological category of resource (small pelagic fish)
3.B.1.1.a Anchovy migrations in the Black Sea
3.B.1.1.b Summary table by ecological category of resource (demersal fish)
3.B.1.1.b Turbot distribution and migration in the Black Sea
3.B.1.1.c Summary table by ecological category of resource (anadromus fish)
3.B.1.1.c Historical sturgeon distribution in the Black Sea
3.B.1.1.d Summary table by ecological category of resource (indicators of ecosystem health)
3.B.1.1.e Summary table by ecological category of resource (exploitable species)
3.B.1.1.f Summary table by ecological category of resource (seasonal migrants)
3.B.1.2 Opportunistic settlers
3.B.1.2 Mnemiopsis leidyi jelly
3.B.2 Protection of Endangered Species and their Habitats
3.B.2.1 Protection of endangered species
3.B.2.1.a Loss or imminent loss of endangered species (bottom plant community)
3.B.2.1.b Loss or imminent loss of endangered species (mollusks)
3.B.2.1.c Loss or imminent loss of endangered species (bottom crustaceans)
3.B.2.1.d Loss or imminent loss of endangered species (fishes)
3.B.2.1.e Loss or imminent loss of endangered species (wetland communities)
3.B.2.1.f Loss or imminent loss of endangered species (marine mammals)
3.B.3 Conservation Areas Management Analysis
3.B.3.1 Conservation areas management analysis
3.B.3.1.a Conservation areas management analysis (Bulgaria)
3.B.3.1.b Conservation areas management analysis (Georgia)
3.B.3.1.c Conservation areas management analysis (Romania)
3.B.3.1.d Conservation areas management analysis (Russia)
3.B.3.1.e Conservation areas management analysis (Turkey)
3.B.3.1.f Conservation areas management analysis (Ukraine)
3.B.3.1.1 Catastrophic loss of Zernov's "Phyllophora field"
3.B.3.1.2 Existing natural reserves in the Black Sea region
3.C Sustainable Human Development
3.C.1 Coastal zone management, planning and public participation
3.C.1.1.a Inadequate planning (general issues)
3.C.1.1.b Inadequate planning (insufficient intersectoral coordination)
3.C.1.1.c Inadequate planning (coastal erosion and inappropriate erosion control)
3.C.1.1.d Inadequate planning (inefficient contingecy plans)
3.C.1.2 Instruments for involving the public in environmental decision-making
3.C.2.1 Aquaculture
3.C.2.1 Aquaculture
3.C.2.1 Trout shore-based aquaculture