2.C.3 Involving the public in environmental decision-making
Problems Stakeholders Uncertainties Proposed actions and costs Products and milestones
Public not sufficiently sensitized to overall env. issues and to possibilities for action Local authorities


Scientific communities


Public, UNEP, REC, national/
international organizations and agencies

  Preparation of educational materials on environmental issues with reference to specific target groups (fishermen, etc.) and process of dissemination of this educational package. Cost estimate: $150,000 per year for all Black Sea countries

Development of specially prepared printed materials to inform the public about its rights in the processes of decision-making and training through seminars, meetings etc. Cost estimate: $150,000 per year

Preparation of an audio-visual programme (in English) with modules based on BSAP for diffusion in schools (national language version prepared by the countries). Cost estimate: $150,000

Public better informed and involved in environmental management process and in particular with regards to discussion and design of ICZM/LUP plans, land and property right, permitting procedures for the development projects, environmental impact assessments
Insufficient and/or ineffective legal and formal tools to ensure transparency and openness in the decision-making process and enable communities’ participation (see Nobr>3.C.1) Min of Env.

Legal experts



Lengthy and complex legislative process

Approximation with EU legislation would accelerate process of reconciliation of procedures and standards in this area

In association with partner organizations, review existing legislation and procedures available in BS countries allowing for public participation and make recommendations for amendments. Cost estimate: $150,000

Development of amendments to the legislation of the BS countries to better secure possibilities for public participation in the decision-making process, i.e. access to information, consultation and public hearings, legal right of appeal to the court against decisions of state agencies and municipal authorities and other organizational procedures. Cost estimate: $150,000

Training of officials, stakeholders and the public in the use of existing procedures for public participation. Cost estimate: $ 100,000 per year

Effective legislation in the BS countries allowing for easier access of the public to the decision-making process - 2000.

Public hearings and court appeal successfully used in practice in all Black Sea countries - 2000

NGOs insufficiently effective to play a prime role in gathering communities’ involvement NGOs Motivation of NGOs and their capacity to raise revenues at the national and international level is uncertain Continued support for the establishment and operations of regional, national and local NGO’s networks. Cost estimate: $100,000 per year for all Black Sea countries

Continued support for training of NGOs in public outreach, project management and for implementing public awareness and public participation activities. Cost estimate: $150,000 per year for all Black Sea countries

Small grants programme to support community-based and public awareness activities. Cost estimate: $150,000 per year

NGOs strengthened and networked nationally and regionally with an effective and representative BS NGO Forum by 1998

Enhanced prestige and respect for NGOs’ role and activities in the eyes of the public and the government authorities

A series of public awareness projects implemented in the BS countries (at least 3 per country per year)

Local authorities and other stakeholders not sufficiently involved in environmental management Local authorities


Scientific communities




Local authorities often not prepared and able to take up a pro-active role in initiating broad consultation Setting up consultation process between local environmental authorities and business & scientific associations, NGOs. and use of the possibilities of the coastal municipalities’ authorities and administrations, to regularly inform the public about the new development projects and problems

Cooperative partnership between BS municipalities and, where appropriate, between western and BS municipalities under the umbrella of sister cities initiatives. (cross-referenced with C-2-4.2). Environmental issues should feature in consultations between mayors or other local officials

Local authorities enhanced in a role of encouraging partnership and wide consultation process for environmental management and decisions
Public participation not recognized as a tool for effective environmental management Min. of env.


Scientific communities


The public

Issue linked to the whole political process of recognizing existence and role of associative initiatives Official approval by Governments of the need for public involvement through ratification of the BSAP

Regular formal consultation process between MOE and NGO national networks / other stakeholders

Recognition of the public and its representatives (business associations, NGOs, scientific networks, etc.) as valid partners in addressing environmental problems and designing solutions
Mass media insufficiently involved in promoting environmental awareness and care Mass media

National and local authorities


Precondition the freedom of press and free access to information Organization of Press Conferences immediately following significant events for the implementation of the BSAP

Preparation of standard press kit for distribution to media when appropriate

Mass media all informed of issues and proposed strategy for action by 1998

See also

2.C.3 Ecological demonstration in Turkey
3.C.1 Coastal zone management, planning and public participation
3.C.1.2 Instruments for involving the public in environmental decision-making
3.C Sustainable Human Development