2.B.1 Commercially exploited species
Problem Stakeholders Uncertainties Proposed actions and costs Products and milestones
Most fisheries in the Black Sea suffer from over-capitalization and over-exploitation. Annual catch values for the fishery declined by at least $170 million between the early 1980ís and mid 1990ís. Governmental agencies responsible for fisheries management

Ministries of the Environment

The fisheries sector

Reliability of current fisheries statistics Governments are advised to adopt and implement, by the December 1999, an national authorization system which will ensure that no fishing will take place in the Black Sea without a national fishing authorization. Such an authorization shall specify the terms and conditions subject to which a specific vessel may engage in fishing activities. These terms and conditions should include, but need not be restricted to, the species which the vessel is authorized to catch, the catch limit, the seasons and areas in which the vessel is authorized to fish, and the gear which the vessel is authorized to use.

The costs of this proposal is to be born by the governments with ODA, where appropriate.

Governments are also advised to apply the national authorization system in pilot project specified in 3.B.1. The costs are estimated to be $120,000.

By 2000, no unauthorized fishing will take place in the Black Sea. It will result in a fishing activities being regulated on the basis of catch, area and season, and gear regulations.
Inadequate fisheries enforcement Governmental agencies responsible for fisheries management

Inspectorates of fisheries

Ministries of the Environment

  Governments are advised to make full use of the prescriptive and enforcement powers which they are entitled to exercise on the basis of international law. In order to be able to do this it is essential that all coastal states establish exclusive economic zones, as soon as possible. An adequate legal regime for fisheries enforcement.
The main fisheries resources of the Black Sea are shared in nature and require cooperative management actions by states if they are to be managed sustainably Governmental agencies responsible for fisheries management

Ministries of the Environment

Region fisheries body

So far negotiations on a fisheries convention for the Black Sea have not resulted in the conclusion of an international agreement and it remains uncertain when they will be finalized. Governments are advised establish, by the end of 1996, an Interim Advisory Group on Fisheries, pending the adoption and implementation of the Black Sea Fisheries Convention. Its task would be to consider all technical matters which may arise with respect to fisheries information in the Black Sea and which require coordination at the regional level.

Governments are advised to establish a regional licensing system by 2000 in order to gradually reduce the total amount of fishing effort so as to reduce over-capacity and over-exploitation of stocks. Initially the number of licenses issued should be fixed on the basis of reference years to be chosen by each individual country.

Governments are also advised to by 2005 implement a regional quota system for the allocation of stocks on a country basis.

By 1997 an interim body which is in a position to address regional fishing problems.

By 2000, a regional licensing system which can be used to gradually reduce fishing effort in the region.

By 2005, a quota system based on national allocations.

Anadromous stocks, in particular, are over-exploited Governmental agencies responsible for management of fisheries

Regional fisheries body

Ministries of the Environment

Private sector

  Governments are advised to adopt, in accordance with international law, agreements regulating the fisheries of anadromous stocks by 2000. By 2000 regimes will be in place which will secure the recovery of high value fisheries for anadromous stocks.
Gaps in information on the status of many Black Sea stocks Governmental agencies responsible for fisheries management

Ministries of the Environment

The fisheries sector

Precise information on the status of Black Sea fish stocks Governments are advised to conduct a cooperative evaluation of the fisheries resources and fishing activities. The evaluations should be completed by 1998 and every 5 years, coordinated through the Interim fisheries Commission.

The cost of conducting the evaluation are estimated to be $400,000.

By January 1999, a comprehensive overview of the state of the fisheries resource and fishing activities in the Black Sea.
Ecosystems which are important for the rehabilitation of stocks are degraded Ministries responsible for fisheries management

Ministries of the Environment

The fisheries sector

  Governments are advised to secure the rehabilitation of ecosystems of particular importance to fisheries by establishing Phyllophore reserves, restoring spawning areas of anadromous species and rehabilitating coastal lagoons as proposed in 3.B.1. Pilot projects should be in place by December 1999. The cost of this proposal is estimated to be $300,000 per pilot project.

Governments are also advised to coordinate national projects for the construction of artificial reefs in degraded nearshore areas and to implement the building of such reefs by December 1999. The estimated cost of this proposal is between $0.3 and $2 million per project (see 2.B.3)

By 2000, protected areas for the rehabilitation of stocks will have been established.

Overall end product: recovered fish stocks and sustainable fisheries for the Black Sea region.


See also

2.B.1 Fish landings and fishing fleet in the Black Sea
2.B.2 Loss or imminent loss of endangered species in the Black Sea and its wetlands
2.B.3 Protection of habitats and landscape
3.B.1 Fisheries Issues