2.A.4.3 Reduction and regulation of operational discharges (vessels)
Problem Stakeholders Uncertainties Proposals Milestones
The introduction of alien species through ballast water Ministries of Transport

Ministries of Environment

Local and foreign flag vessels

  Governments are advised to jointly present to IMO, in 1997, a proposal for a study of how to deal with the problem of alien species. It is proposed that the study be finalized in 1998.

It is also proposed that governments cooperate on this topic with the coastal states of the Caspian and Mediterranean Seas.

By 1998 an IMO study presenting solutions to the problem of alien species introduced through the deballasting of vessels.
Illegal discharges of harmful substances, especially oil Ministries of Transport

Ministries of Environment

Local and foreign flag vessels

Uncertainties about the quantities of oil discharged illegally as well as about discharges of other substances. Governments are advised to enhance implementation of MARPOL 1973/78 with respect to vessels flying their own flag.

With respect to foreign flag vessels, governments also are advised to make full use of the prescriptive and enforcement powers which they are entitled to exercise, as coastal and port states, on the basis of international law (also see last box in this column). In order to be able to do this it is essential that all coastal states establish exclusive economic zones.

Governments are advised to introduce a system of fines, which would pay for the cost of the enforcement system, for ships engaged in illegal discharges. In this context the Panel on Environmental and Safety Aspects of Shipping of the Istanbul Commission should develop a set of common actions by 1998, to be implemented, by 2000, for discharges of oil, at least on a pilot scale.

By 2000 significant reductions in the amount of discharges of harmful substances, and in particular discharges of oil, from vessels.
Lack of harbour reception facilities Ministries of Transport

Ministries of the Environment

Port authorities

Local and foreign flag vessels

  Governments are advised , in accordance with MARPOL 1973/78 and especially its provisions on Special Areas, to install harbour reception facilities for oil by the end of 1998, for chemicals by 2000 and for garbage by the end of 1997 in all major ports and to make their use compulsory.

It is advised that governments seek the advice of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) on this topic.

The cost of taking these actions will be determined in a study currently being conducted by the BSEP and the European Union, which will be finalised in April 1997.

By the December 1997 reception facilities for ships garbage in all Black Sea major ports.

By December 1998 reception facilities for oil in all Black Sea major ports.

By December 2000 reception facilities for chemicals in all major Black Sea ports.

A study on the cost of introducing these harbour reception facilities by April 1997.

Lack of port state control Ministries of Transport

Ministries of the Environment

Port authorities

Local and foreign flag vessels

  Governments are advised to establish a coordinated system for exercising port state control., by December 1998. It is advised that the Memoranda of Understanding on Port State Control concluded in other regions, e.g. for the North East Atlantic ports, be used as guidance in establishing a system of port state control for the Black Sea.

Governments are advised to coordinate this activity through the Panel on Environmental and Safety Aspects of Shipping of the Istanbul Commission, which should start work on this proposal in September 1996.

By 1999 all vessels frequenting Black Sea ports will be submitted to regular port state inspections, which should result in diminishing operational as well as accidental discharges due to enhanced application of international standards regarding environmental and safety aspects of shipping.

Overall end product: By 2000 environmentally sound and safe shipping activities in the Black Sea by both local and foreign flag vessels.


See also

2.A.4.3 Tanker traffic through and within the Black Sea during 1995
2.A.4.3 The 100,000 ton oil tanker Nassia, on fire near the Bosphorus on March 1994
2.A.4.1 Reduction and regulation of operational discharges (point sources)
2.A.4.2 Reduction and regulation of operational discharges (dumping)
3.A.3 Hot Spots in the Black Sea Region