Uranoscopus scaber (Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms: Cottus anostomus Pallas, 1811.
Common names: Engl: Stargazer; Bulg: Zvezdobroets; Russ: Zvezdochet; Turk: Kurbaga baligi; Ukr: Zirkoglyad.
Order (Scientific): PERCIFORMES.
Family (Scientific): URANOSCOPIDAE.
Taxonomic descriptions: D III-IV 13-15; A I 12-14; P 14-16. Scales in lateral series 76-90; Vertebrae 25-26 (Svetovidov, 1964; Stojanov, and all., 1963). Body massive in front, somewhat compressed posteriorly. Head large and flat dorsally. Eyes on top of head. Interorbit space narrow. Colour: back and sides greyish-brown, belly yellowish-white. Size: to 35cm.
Black Sea Regional level:
Subregion level: CE (Bulgarian Coast)
Distribution: Atlantic coast of Europe and Africa, Mediterranean and Black Sea (Hureau, 1986). In Bulgaria: vary rare along entire coast.
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Benthic species, on sandy or muddy bottoms; on sandy bottom; chemical pollution.
Biology: Reproduction: July-August. Post-larval and juvenile stages are pelagic. Food: mainly fishes.
Population trends: Declining.
Threats: Chemical pollution.
Conservation measures taken: None.
Conservation measures proposed: Improving the purity of the water.
Compiled by: K.Prodanov, Y.Sivkov.