Syngnatus tenuirostris (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common names: Engl: Horse pipe fish; Russ: Tonkorylaya ryba-igla; Turk: Deniz ignesi.
Order (Scientific): SYNGNATHIFORMES.
Family (Scientific): SYNGNATHIDAE.
Taxonomic description: Pipefish with thin, elongated, body. Has a distinctive high, compressed, nose with a straight profile, with an almost vertically cut mouth at the extremity. Color varies from brown to greenish-brown.
Black Sea Regional level:
Subregion level: LR
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Infralittoral zone of the sea, most of time they lives among macroalgae. Near sea zones, macroalgae communities, close to Zostera from 1-2 metres to 35 cemtimetres. High pollution, oil spills, coastal fisheries, gill nets, eutrophication.
Biology: This species is herbivore, reproduction starts in spring and end of summer, eggs develop within 6-10 days.
Population trends: No information on the population trends.
Threats: Coastal fisheries, gill net fisheries, pollution.
Conservation measures taken: No particularl conservation measure has been taken.
Conservation measures proposed: Mitigating the gill net fisheries and pollution, protection of the Zostera belts.
Compiled by: B. Öztürk.