Symphodus tinca (Linnaeus, 1758)

Symphodus tinca image

Synonyms: Labrus pavo Brunich, 1768; Labrus lapina Forskal, 1775; Lutjanus geofroyius Riso, 1810; Crenilabrus tinca Risso, 1826.

Common names: Engl: Peacock wrasse; Russ: Zelenushka; Turk: Lapin.

Order (Scientific): PERCIFORMES.

Family (Scientific): LABRIDAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: D XIV-XVII, I 9-12; A III 8-12; P I 13-15. Scales in lateral series 33-38; Vertebrae 32-34; Gillrakers 13-16 (Quignard and Pras, 1986; Stojanov and all, 1963); Body elongated, laterally compressed . Body depth 0.32-0.35 SL. Head slightly longer than body depth. Shout 0.97-1.01 post-orbital. Colour: greatly variable; a small dark spot at base of caudal fin. Size: to 25cm.

Symphodus tinca arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: VU (Bulgarian Coast)

Distribution: From northern Spain to Morocco. Mediterranean and Black Sea. In Bulgaria: rare, in inshore zone.

Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Inshore, near rock and sea-grass, 1 to 20m; inshore, rear rock; organic contamination.

Biology: Reproduction: May-July. Eggs on stone or gravel. Sexually mature at 2-3 years. Food: molluscs, crabs.

Population trends: Declining.

Threats: Organic pollution.

Conservation measures taken: None.

Conservation measures proposed: Stopping contamination.


  1. Quingard, J. and Pras, A. 1986. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, v. II: 940.
  2. Stojanov, S. and all., 1963. The fishes in the Black Sea. Publishing house Varna, 246 pp.

Compiled by: Y.Sivkov, K.Prodanov.