Silene euxina (Rupr., 1869)

Synonyms: Silene racemosa Otth. var. rubriflora bois., 1867.

Common names: Bulg: Chernomorsko plyuskaviche; Russ: Smolyovka.

Order (Scientific): CARYOPHYLLALES.

Family (Scientific): CARYOPHYLLACEAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: Laid down stem, upright at the top, 10-30 cm tall, thick hairy, without leaves. The inflorescence-dehisce. Grassy bracts, lanceolate and pointed at the ends. Synoescious florets or with sterile stamens. Tubular or bell-shaped calyx covered with stiff hairs. White or pink-reddish petals.

Silene euxina arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: EN


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Coastal sands. Humidity and running sands.

Biology: Annual, biennial to perennial herbaceous plant. Blooms in June-July. Propagates in July-August.

Population trends: Declining.

Threats: Resort construction.

Conservation measures taken: None.

Conservation measures proposed: Identification and preservation of its sites.


  1. Chater, A.O., S.M.Walters. 1964. Flora europaea. I Genus Silene L., 158-181.
  2. Iordanov, D., P.Panov. 1966. Flora na NRB, III, Rod Silene L., pp. 435-512.

Compiled by: M.Filipova.