Pungitius platygaster (Kessler, 1859)

Pungitius platygaster image

Synonyms: Gasterosteus platygaster Steindachner, 1899.

Common names: Bulg: Devetigla bodlivca; Engl: Nine or ten-spinned stickleback; Rom: Palamida de balta; Russ: Malaya yuzhnaya kolyushka.

Order (Scientific): GASTEROSTEIFORMES.

Family (Scientific): GASTEROSTEIDAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: D VIII-XI 7-10; A I 6-9; P 10-11; V I 1. Usually 9 or 10 free spines in front of the dorsal fin (Stojanov and all., 1963; Svetovidov, 1964). The body covered with bony scats. Lateral keel on the caudal peduncle absent. Pelvic fin spine serrated. Size: to 7 cm.

Pungitius platygaster arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: CE (Bulgarian coast)

Distribution: Rivers surrounding the Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Caspian and Aral Seas Banister, 1986). In Bulgaria: Lakes Mandra and Beloslav.

Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Fresh and brackish waters; lakes; exchanges of the hydro-chemical regime.

Biology: Reproduction: March-May. Male makes a nest in vegetation. Food: small invertebrates.

Population trends: Declining.

Threats: Industrial pollution.

Conservation measures taken: None.

Conservation measures proposed: Reduction in chemical pollution.


  1. Banister, R. 1986. Fishes of the North - eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean., v. 2: 642.
  2. Stojanov, S. and all., 1963. The fishes in the Black Sea. Publishing house Varna, 246 pp.
  3. Svetovidov, A. 1964. The fishes of the Black Sea. Publ. House “Science” , M.-L., 550 pp.

Compiled by: K. Prodanov, Y.Sivkov.