Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas, 1770)

Synonyms: Gobius gracilis Cabrera, 1817; Gobius elongatus Canestrini, 1861; Gobius cobitiformes Kessler, 1874; Gobius minutus gracilis de Buen, 1923; Pomatoschistus minutus Iljin, 1927.

Common names: Bulg: Dalache; Engl: Sand goby.

Order (Scientific): PERCIFORMES.

Family (Scientific): GOBIIDAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: D VI, I 8-12; A I 8-12; P 17-21; Scales in lateral series 58-69; Vertebrae 31-34 (Gheorgiev, 1966). Head depth 1.01-1.04 width. Eye diameter 0.25-0.29 head length. Upper lip uniformly wide. Pelvic disc 0.20-0.26 SL. Anterior membrane without lateral lobes. Suborbital papillae with 9-11 transverse rows. Colour: grey with numerous fine brownish spots. Males with 4-6 vertical dark bars. Size: to 7 cm.

Pomatoschistus minutus arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: CE (Bulgarian coast)

Distribution: Eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Sea (Miller, 1986). In Bulgaria: along the whole Black Sea coast.

Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Inshore gravel and sand, to about 20m; chemical substances.

Biology: Reproduction: March-July. Eggs under shrills or stones. Sexually mature to 1 year. Food: polychaets, amphipods, mysids.

Population trends: Declining.

Threats: Industrial pollution.

Conservation measures taken: None.

Conservation measures proposed: Reduction in pollution.


  1. Gheorgiev, J. 1966. Composition d’espece et caracteristique des Gobiides (Pisces) en Bulgarie. - Proc. Res. Inst. Fish., Oceanogr. Varna, VII: 159-228.
  2. Miller, P. 1986. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, v. 3: 1067.

Compiled by: K.Prodanov, Y.Sivkov.