Polycnemum heuffelii (Lang, 1828)

Synonyms: None.

Common names: Bulg: Hoyfelova hrupenka.

Order (Scientific): CARYOPHYLLALES.

Family (Scientific): CHENOPODIACEAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: A plant 5 cm to 30 cm tall. Upright stem, pyramid-like branching with rare curly hairs. Filiform almost tubular leaves, the middle and lower ones from 6 to 10 times longer than the sepals, pointed at the tip, usually arch-shaped and horizontally patented. White, skinny, oviform bracts with elongated pointed tips up to 2 times longer than the petals. The latter are from 1 cm to 1.5 cm long, oval, pointed on the back without knots. The seeds are lenticular, from dark brown to black, fine warty.

Polycnemum heuffelii arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: EN


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Dry rocky and sandy places. Humidity.

Biology: Annual herbaceous plant. Blooms in June-September. Propagates in August-October. Reproduces through seeds.

Population trends: Declining.

Threats: Anthropological activities.

Conservation measures taken: Some of the sites are included in the Ropotamo reserve.

Conservation measures proposed: To be included in the list of protected plants in Bulgaria.


  1. Velenofski, J. 1891. Flora Bulgarica. Prague. 676 p. Reichinger, K. 1933. Neue pflanzen aus dem Alibotusch-Gebirge. Magyar. Bot. Lab., 32, pp.152-153.
  2. Ball, P. W. 1964. Flora Europaea. I Genus Polycnemum L. p. 91.
  3. Iordanov, D., B. Kuzmanov. 1966. Flora na NRB, III, Rod Polycnemum L., pp. 570-572.

Compiled by: M.Filipova.