Parapholis incurva (Linnaeus) C.E.Hubbard, 1946
Synonyms: Lepidurus incurvus (L.) Janch. nom. invalid., Lepturus incurvus (L.) Druce, Pholiurus incurvus (L.) Schinz et Thell
Common names: Engl: Curved parapholis; Bulg: Izvit foliurus; Russ: Parafolis sognuty; Ukr: Parafolis zignuty
Taxonomic descriptions: It is an annual grass up to 5-25 cm in height, with curved brittle spike; the spikelets are solitary, one-flowered, with two glumes as long as the lemma; the lemma has no awn.
††† World level: NE
††† Black Sea Regional level: EN
††† Subregion level: CR in Ukraine
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Coastal slopes, sands and shingles. Critical habitats: the Crimea (Alupka, Yalta region, Salgir river), Georgia (Adzharia), Turkey, Bulgaria (Tolbukhin and Burgas districts). Limiting factors: the low level of competitive ability.
Biology: Bloom - from May to June; fruitage - from June to July. Root system - short fibrous. Only seed propagation. Psammophyte, xeromesophyte, glyco-halophyte.
Population trends: Declining in abundance.
Threats: Lack of non-modified sites along the coast that is due to the development of the coast into a human populated zone.
Conservation measures taken: The species is listed in the Red Data Book of Bulgaria.
Conservation measures proposed: The species needs to be monitored in the region; new reservations are desirable.
Compiled by: A.Yena