Pancratium maritimum (Linnaeus, 1753)
Common names: Bulg: Pyasechna liliya; Russ: Pankratsiy morskoy.
Order (Scientific): LILIALES.
Family (Scientific): AMARYLLIDACEAE.
Taxonomic descriptions: A plant with a large almost spherical bulb coated with a brown skinny cover. The stem is 30-40 cm high, partially flattened. Long linear leaves (5-6), blue-green like the stem. The inflorescence contains from 5 to 10 florets embraced before blooming by two large skinny sepals. Large, white, fragrant blooms up to 16 cm long with infundibular perianth. Stamens prop out of the corrola; the anthers are arch-shaped. The fruit is quite large almost spherical in form, over 2 cm in diameter.
Black Sea Regional level:
Subregion level: EN
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Coastal sands and dunes. Humidity.
Biology: Perennial bulbaceous plant. Blooms in July-August (September). Propagates in October. Reproduces vegetatively and through seeds. High seed productivity but limited reproduction through seeds.
Population trends: Declining.
Threats: Active use of the sand strip, resort construction and flower picking.
Conservation measures taken: Protected plant. There is a reserve named Sandy Lily in the countryside Kavatsite.
Conservation measures proposed: More effective protection and maintenance of the reserve in Kavatsite. Inclusion of other sites within the borders of protected areas.
Compiled by: M.Filipova.