Pancratium maritimum (Linnaeus, 1753)

Synonyms: None.

Common names: Bulg: Pyasechna liliya; Russ: Pankratsiy morskoy.

Order (Scientific): LILIALES.

Family (Scientific): AMARYLLIDACEAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: A plant with a large almost spherical bulb coated with a brown skinny cover. The stem is 30-40 cm high, partially flattened. Long linear leaves (5-6), blue-green like the stem. The inflorescence contains from 5 to 10 florets embraced before blooming by two large skinny sepals. Large, white, fragrant blooms up to 16 cm long with infundibular perianth. Stamens prop out of the corrola; the anthers are arch-shaped. The fruit is quite large almost spherical in form, over 2 cm in diameter.

Pancratium maritimum arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: EN


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Coastal sands and dunes. Humidity.

Biology: Perennial bulbaceous plant. Blooms in July-August (September). Propagates in October. Reproduces vegetatively and through seeds. High seed productivity but limited reproduction through seeds.

Population trends: Declining.

Threats: Active use of the sand strip, resort construction and flower picking.

Conservation measures taken: Protected plant. There is a reserve named Sandy Lily in the countryside Kavatsite.

Conservation measures proposed: More effective protection and maintenance of the reserve in Kavatsite. Inclusion of other sites within the borders of protected areas.


  1. Iordanov, D. 1964. Flora na NRB, II, Rod Pancratium L.323-324.
  2. Velchev, V., P. Vasilev. 1976. Ecobiologichno I fitocenologichno prouchvane na Piasachnata lilia (Pancratium maritimum L.) v raiona na Sozopol. Fitologia, N 5, pp. 3-20.
  3. Velchev, V., P. Vasilev, T. Meshinev. 1979. Vlianie na ecologichnitr uslovia varhu generativnoto razmnojavane na Piasachnata lilia (Pancratium maritimum L.). Ecologia, N 5, pp. 64-72.

Compiled by: M.Filipova.