Numenius phaeopus Linnaeus, 1758

Numenius phaeopus imageSynonyms: Numenius phaeopus alboaxilaris Lowe, 1921

Common names: Engl: Whimbrel; Rom: Culic mic; Russ: Kronshnep sredniy; Turk: Yagmur kervan cullugu; Ukr: Kronshnep seredniy



Taxonomic descriptions:

Numenius phaeopus arealIUCN Status:
    World level: EN
    Black Sea Regional level: EN
    Subregion level: EN

Distribution: Numbers are low throughout the area. About 200-300 birds migrate through the region.

Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Habitats are coastal shallow waters of sea bays and inland waterbodies.

Biology: Migratory species, breeding grounds are located far away from the region. Spring migration takes place in March-April, some birds stay till the third ten days of May. Autumn migration starts early: the first birds arrive at the end of July. The latest records are 29.10 - 1.11. Numenius phaeopus forage on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates (beetles, copepods, insects and their larvae).

Population trends: Unknown.

Threats: Hunting during migration.

Conservation measures taken: Numenius phaeopus is protected in the Chernomorski Biosphere Reservoir and "Lebiazhi Ostrova" Reservoir.

Conservation measures proposed: Creation of a seasonal reservoir network in the stop-over sites.


  1. Ardamatzkaia T.B., Rudenko A.G. Birds//"Vestnik Zoologii", "Invertebrates of the 'Chernomorski' State Biosphere reserve /annotated lists of the species." Kiev, 1996.-I.-p 19-32.(in Russian).
  2. Kostin Y.V. Birds of the Crimea.- M., 1983.- 241 p (in Russian).
  3. Chervona Knyga Ukrayiny (Red Data Book of Ukraine). Kijiv: Ukrajinska enciklopediya Publ., 1994. p. 352 (in Ukrainian).

Compiled by: V.Kinda