Numenius phaeopus Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms: Numenius phaeopus alboaxilaris Lowe, 1921
Common names: Engl: Whimbrel; Rom: Culic mic; Russ: Kronshnep sredniy; Turk: Yagmur kervan cullugu; Ukr: Kronshnep seredniy
World level: EN
Black Sea Regional level: EN
Subregion level: EN
Distribution: Numbers are low throughout the area. About 200-300 birds migrate through the region.
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Habitats are coastal shallow waters of sea bays and inland waterbodies.
Biology: Migratory species, breeding grounds are located far away from the region. Spring migration takes place in March-April, some birds stay till the third ten days of May. Autumn migration starts early: the first birds arrive at the end of July. The latest records are 29.10 - 1.11. Numenius phaeopus forage on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates (beetles, copepods, insects and their larvae).
Population trends: Unknown.
Threats: Hunting during migration.
Conservation measures taken: Numenius phaeopus is protected in the Chernomorski Biosphere Reservoir and "Lebiazhi Ostrova" Reservoir.
Conservation measures proposed: Creation of a seasonal reservoir network in the stop-over sites.
Compiled by: V.Kinda