Lipophrys pavo Riso, 1810

Lipophrys pavo image

Synonyms: Blennius lepidus Pallas, 1811; Blennius pavo Risso, 1826

Common names: Georg: Parshevangi, Zgvis pinia; Turk: Horozbina



Taxonomic descriptions: D XII-XIII 21-24; A II 23-25; P 13-15; V I 3; Vertebrae 40-41 (Stojanov and all., 1963; Svetovidov, 1964). Body naked, laterally compressed. Snout short with protruding profile. Males with high crest on dorsal part of the head. Colour: basic coloration yellow-greenish; vertical bright bars and specks on the body. Size: to 13 cm.

Lipophrys pavo arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: VU

Distribution: Mediterranean, Black Sea and Atlantic coast, from Morocco to mouth of Loirs, France (Zander, 1986) in Bulgaria: comparatively rare along entire coast.

Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Shoal, pelagic, euryhaline, essentially in brackish waters; breach of the hydro - chemical regime.

Biology: Reproduction: May-July. Males guard eggs between stones. Food: benthic invertebrates, molluscs, algae.

Population trends: Declining.

Threats: Breach of the hydro-chemical regime.

Conservation measures taken: None.

Conservation measures proposed: Reduction in industrial pollution.


  1. Stojanov, S. and all., 1963. The fishes in the Black Sea. Publishing house Varna, 246 pp.
  2. Svetovidov, A. 1964. The fishes of the Black Sea. Publ. House “Science”, M.-L., 550 pp.
  3. Zander, C. 1986. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean., v. 3: 1104.

Compiled by: Y.Sivkov, K.Prodanov