Leucojum aestivum Linnaeus, 1759

Leucojum aestivum imageSynonyms: None

Common names: Bulg: Letno blatno kokiche, Kokichka, Lyatno kokiche, Blatno kokiche; Russ: Belotsvetnik letniy; Ukr: Bilotsvit litniy



Taxonomic descriptions: Bulbous perrenial ephemeroid 40 cm in height. Leaves are the same height with a stem or longer. Flowers have a belted perianth in umbel (3-8 on one). Six white petals with green spot on the edge.

Leucojum aestivum arealIUCN Status:
    World level: NE
    Black Sea Regional level: CR
    Subregion level: CR (Ukraine)


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Wet coastal sands.

Biology: Flowering during IV-V, fruit-bearing - VII-VIII. Reproducing by daughter bulbs and seeds. The species has a wide ecological amplitude, easily survives summer droughts.

Population trends: Declining.

Threats: Destruction of its locations, medical and bunch value.

Conservation measures taken: No special protection.

Conservation measures proposed: To create protected zones in places where it occurs. Cultivation in botanical gardens.


  1. Rare and vanishing plants of the USSR/Ed. by Ac.A.Takhtajan. - Leningrad, 1981. - 264 p.
  2. Red Data Book of the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic. Plants. - Moscow, 1988. - 590 p.
  3. Red Data Book of Bulgaria. Vol. 1. Plants. - Sofia, 1984. - 447 p.
  4. Red Data Book of Ukraine. Vegetable Kingdom. - Kyev, 1996. - 606 p.
  5. Tchopik V.I. Rare and vanishing plants of Ukraine. - Kiev, 1978. - 216 p.

Compiled by: S.Dyatlov, T.Vasilieva