Glacium flavum Crantz., 1763
Common names: Engl: Yellow horned-poppy; Bulg: Zhelt mak, Zhelta paparonka, Zhelt rogatets, Zhelt kadenka; Russ: Machok zholty; Turk: Gelincik; Ukr: Machok zhovty
Taxonomic descriptions: Annual, biennial or perenial herb 20-50 cm in height. Stem is bluish and fleshy. The lower leaves have thick hairs. Flowers are large, yellow, with 4 petals like a poppy. Fruit is a pod up to 25 cm length.
World level: NE
Black Sea Regional level: VU
Subregion level: VU (Ukraine)
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Coastal sands and shingles.
Biology: Flowering during V-VII, fruit-bearing - VII-IX. Reproducing by seeds.
Population trends: Occurs rarely, in little groups. Populations are stable (100-130 specimens).
Threats: Destroying ecotops, while improving beaches, high recreational loading and the medical value of the species.
Conservation measures taken: No special protection.
Conservation measures proposed: To create protected zones in places where it occurs.
Compiled by: S.Dyatlov, T.Vasilieva