Glacium flavum Crantz., 1763

Glacium flavum imageSynonyms: None

Common names: Engl: Yellow horned-poppy; Bulg: Zhelt mak, Zhelta paparonka, Zhelt rogatets, Zhelt kadenka; Russ: Machok zholty; Turk: Gelincik; Ukr: Machok zhovty



Taxonomic descriptions: Annual, biennial or perenial herb 20-50 cm in height. Stem is bluish and fleshy. The lower leaves have thick hairs. Flowers are large, yellow, with 4 petals like a poppy. Fruit is a pod up to 25 cm length.

Glacium flavum arealIUCN Status:
    World level: NE
    Black Sea Regional level: VU
    Subregion level: VU (Ukraine)


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Coastal sands and shingles.

Biology: Flowering during V-VII, fruit-bearing - VII-IX. Reproducing by seeds.

Population trends: Occurs rarely, in little groups. Populations are stable (100-130 specimens).

Threats: Destroying ecotops, while improving beaches, high recreational loading and the medical value of the species.

Conservation measures taken: No special protection.

Conservation measures proposed: To create protected zones in places where it occurs.


  1. Red Data Book of Bulgaria. Vol. 1. Plants. - Sofia, 1984.
  2. Red Data Book of Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic. Plants. - Moscow, 1988. - 590 p.
  3. Red Data Book of Ukraine. Vegetable Kingdom. - Kyiv, 1996. - 606 p.

Compiled by: S.Dyatlov, T.Vasilieva