Frankenia pulverulenta (Linnaeus, 1753)

Synonyms: None.

Common names: Bulg: Frankeniya.

Order (Scientific): TAMARICALES.

Family (Scientific): FRANKENIACEAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: The stem is upright or laid down, 10 to 30 cm high, branched, thick, simply fibrous. Entire blades, 4-6 in nodes; the florets are gathered in semi-umbels, synoescious and reddish at the tips of twigs or their offshoots. The receptacle is 4-5 - cotyledonous, pipe-like; 4-5 petals, narrowed at the bottom; 4-6 stamens; mono-ovule ovary; the style with 3-4 stigmata; the fruit is a box.

Frankenia pulverulenta arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: CE


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Salty coastal sands and clay soils. Humidity and salinity.

Biology: Annual herbaceous plant. Blooms July-August, propagates August-September. Reproduces through seeds.

Population trends: Rapidly declining.

Threats: Anthropological activities.

Conservation measures taken: Included in the list of protected plants in Bulgaria.

Conservation measures proposed: Confirmation of the sites and declaring them protected.


  1. Stoyanov, N., B. Stefanov. 1925. Flora na NRB. II. 640 - 1104.
  2. Iordanov, D., D. Peev. 1979. Flora na NRB. VII. Rod Frankenia L., pp. 416 - 418.

Compiled by: M.Filipova.