Festuca vaginata (Waldst. et Kit. ex Willd., 1809)

Synonyms: Festuca ovina L.; var. vaginata Hask., 1882.

Common names: Bulg: Vlagalischna vlasatka.

Order (Scientific): POALES.

Family (Scientific): POACEAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: Loose tufty plant coated with wax. The stem is from 40 cm to 60 cm high, smooth, with blunt edges or rounded. The leaves are with long, entire, wide axils and with bristly or cylindrically shaped blades with diameter 0.45-1.35 mm, with 7 to 15 or most often 9 veins, smooth, with 2 to 5 sclenchymatous fascicles. The corymb is up to 20 cm long, patent and then compacted, smooth or slightly rough. The spikelets are small, 5-8 (10) mm long; the lower chaff is 2-3 cm long, pointed; the upper one - blunt with an awn at the tip (often cilliated along the margin ). The chaffs are 3.5-4 mm long, lanceolate, pointed, most often cilliated in the upper end, with or without an awn.

Festuca vaginata arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: VU


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Sands, sand dunes and rocky areas.

Biology: Perennial herbaceous plant. Blooms in June. Propagates in July. Reproduces through seeds or vegetatively.

Population trends: Decrease.

Threats: Resort construction and trampling.

Conservation measures taken: Most of the populations are within the borders of protected areas.

Conservation measures proposed: Strict control concerning the status of the protected areas where the plant still exists.


  1. Ahtarov, B. 1953. Rodat Festuca L. (Vlasatka) v Balgaria. Izv. Botan. Inst. BAN, III, 3-91.
  2. Valev, S. 1963. Flora na NRB. I. Rod Fesuca L., pp. 390-416.

Compiled by: M.Filipova.