Eryngium maritimum Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Bulg: Morski vetrogon, Morski eringium; Russ: Sinegolovnik primorskiy; Ukr: Mikolaichik primors'ky
Order: ARALIALES (APIALES)
Family: APIACEAE (UMBELLIFERAE)
Taxonomic descriptions: Perrenial herb 40-70 cm in height. Leaves are leathery, light green, dissected, heart-shaped. The flowers are blue in the head floscule. Fruits are cremocarpiums.
World level: NE
Black Sea Regional level: EN
Subregion level: EN (Ukraine)
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: The coastal zones of the Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Azov Sea etc. Sands, salinic lands. Can be found in separate groups.
Biology: Flowering during VI-IX, fruit-bearing - VII-X. Reproducing by seeds.
Population trends: Not numerous, normal.
Threats: Taking for bouquets, recreation loading.
Conservation measures taken: The species has been entered in the Red Data Book of Bulgaria (1984).
Conservation measures proposed: To organize protected territories in places where it occurs.
Compiled by: S.Dyatlov, T.Vasilieva