Eryngium maritimum Linnaeus, 1753

Eryngium maritimum imageSynonyms: None

Common names: Bulg: Morski vetrogon, Morski eringium; Russ: Sinegolovnik primorskiy; Ukr: Mikolaichik primors'ky



Taxonomic descriptions: Perrenial herb 40-70 cm in height. Leaves are leathery, light green, dissected, heart-shaped. The flowers are blue in the head floscule. Fruits are cremocarpiums.

Eryngium maritimum arealIUCN Status:
    World level: NE
    Black Sea Regional level: EN
    Subregion level: EN (Ukraine)


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: The coastal zones of the Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Azov Sea etc. Sands, salinic lands. Can be found in separate groups.

Biology: Flowering during VI-IX, fruit-bearing - VII-X. Reproducing by seeds.

Population trends: Not numerous, normal.

Threats: Taking for bouquets, recreation loading.

Conservation measures taken: The species has been entered in the Red Data Book of Bulgaria (1984).

Conservation measures proposed: To organize protected territories in places where it occurs.


  1. Rare and vanishing plants of the USSR/ Ac.A.Takhtajan. - Leningrad, 1981. - 264 p.
  2. Red Data Book of Bulgaria. Vol. 1. Plants. - Sofia, 1984. - 447 p.

Compiled by: S.Dyatlov, T.Vasilieva