Ephedra distachya (Linnaeus, 1753)
Common names: Engl: Great shrubby, Horse tail; Russ: Efedra dvukhkoloskovaya; Turk: Deniz usumu; Ukr: Efedra dvykhkoloskova.
Order (Scientific): EPHEDRALES.
Family (Scientific): EPHEDRACEAE.
Taxonomic descriptions: Very branching, evergreen small shrub with lying or straight-boled stem 10-50 cm in height. Leaves are small pelliculate. Dioecious plants with unisexual strobils. Cone-berries with red juicy integuments.
Black Sea Regional level:
Subregion level: EN (Ukraine)
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Mediterranean and West-Siberian species. It grows on stony areas and coastal sands.
Biology: Flowering during V-VI. Fruit-bearing - from VII. Reproducing by seeds and vegetatively.
Population trends: Populations are decreasing because of their medical value.
Threats: Recreation, buildings on the seaside.
Conservation measures taken: No special protection.
Conservation measures proposed: To organize protected territories in places where it occurs.
Compiled by: S.Dyatlov, T.Vasilieva.