Epallage fatime (Charpentier, 1840)

Synonyms: Agrion fatime Charpentier, 1840:132; Epallage fatime St. Quentin, 1965:531-552.

Common names: None.

Order (Scientific): ODONATA.

Family (Scientific): EUPHAEIDAE.

Taxonomic description: Total body length 45-51 mm. Length of hindwing 35-37.5 mm. Eyes relatively small, hemispherical, distant, situated on the side of the head. Wings equally shaped, densely reticulated, with wholly transparent membrane except for the wingtips; the latters marked by a brown half-moon spot. Sexual dimorphism in body coloration. Male: Thorax olive-green; abdomen from black to olive-green, covered by a blue-greyish dust-like film. Female: Thorax yellow-brown, with black strips; abdominal segments each with a broad black dorsal strip, divided medially by a yellow line, also powdered in blue-grey. Abdomen of both male and female relatively slender, slightly flattened dorsoventrally, nearly cylindrical.

Epallage fatime arealIUCN Status:
    World level: NE
    Black Sea Regional level: DD
    Subregion level: VU

Distribution: The only representative of the Oriental family, occurring in the south of the Iranian-Turanian subregion and the east of the Mediterranean subregion of the Palearctic - the European part of Turkey, south-eastern Bulgaria, Greece and Macedonia.

Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Small currents of the plain and hilly land. The habitats adjacent to the Strandzha Mts. Black Sea shores are especially threatened because of urban activity and the uncontrolled use of the region’s water resources.

Biology: Larvae typically rheophilous, inhabiting small torrents with stony-sandy bottoms. Both larva and adult predators. Adults emerge in June. Life-cycle biannual. Imagines relatively good fliers.

Population trends: Rare species with localized populations, which indirectly increases its vulnerability.

Threats: Besides the above mentioned limiting factors, this rare dragonfly could be threatened as a result of uncontrolled collecting by unauthorized amateur-entomologists.

Conservation measures taken: Some of the few known localities are within the limits of the “Uzunbodzhak” forest reserve.

Conservation measures proposed: Inclusion of Epallage fatime in the World List of Rare and Endangered Species.

References:

  1. Beschovski, V. 1964. Dragonflies (Odonata) from S-Bulgaria. - Bull. Inst. zool. Mus., Sofia, 16: 109-124.
  2. Beschovski, V. 1989. Representatives of the families Epallagidae and Calopterygidae (Odonata) in Bulgaria. - Acta zol. bulg., 38: 3-8.
  3. Beschovski, V. 1994. Fauna of Bulgaria. 23. Odonata. - Ed. Bulg. Acad. Sci., Sofia. 372 p.
  4. Bilek, A. 1967. Beitrag zur Odonatenfauna Griechenlands. - Beitr. Entomol., 14: 303-312.
  5. Peters, G. & H. Hackenthal. 1986. Notizen ueber Libellen (Odonata) in Mazedonien. - Acta Mus. Maced. Sci., 18, 5: 125-158.
  6. Schmidt, E. 1978. Odonata. In: J. Illies’ Limnofauna Europaea. - Stuttgart, Gustav Fischer Verlag. 274-279.

Compiled by: K.Kumanski.