Conger conger (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common names: Engl: Conger-eel; Russ: Morskoy ugor; Turk: Migri.
Order (Scientific): ANGUILLIFORMES.
Family (Scientific): CONGRIDAE.
Taxonomic description: Eel shaped body with a subcylindrical front end. Elongated snout with a wide mouth and big lips. Well developed pectorals. Colour varies from blackish to whitish. Maximum length 2 metres.
Black Sea Regional level: VU
Subregion level: VU
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: This species lives on sandy-muddy, rocky bottom, to depths of 100 metres . Benthonic life. Marine zones near 100 meters, underwater caves and reefs for breeding.
Biology:This species is a carnivore, feeding on fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods, benthonic life, sexual maturity starts at 5 years, 3 to 8 million eggs production.
Population trends: There is no available information on the population trends. But due to overfishing and pollution in the Black Sea, the decline is possible.
Threats: Turbidity, food shortage and pollution.
Conservation measures taken: None.
Conservation measures proposed: Mitigating all kinds of pollution, stopping the overfishing.
Compiled by: B.Öztürk.