Conger conger (Linnaeus, 1758)

Conger conger imageSynonyms: None.

Common names: Engl: Conger-eel; Russ: Morskoy ugor; Turk: Migri.

Order (Scientific): ANGUILLIFORMES.

Family (Scientific): CONGRIDAE.

Taxonomic description: Eel shaped body with a subcylindrical front end. Elongated snout with a wide mouth and big lips. Well developed pectorals. Colour varies from blackish to whitish. Maximum length 2 metres.

Conger conger arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level: VU
    Subregion level: VU


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: This species lives on sandy-muddy, rocky bottom, to depths of 100 metres . Benthonic life. Marine zones near 100 meters, underwater caves and reefs for breeding.

Biology:This species is a carnivore, feeding on fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods, benthonic life, sexual maturity starts at 5 years, 3 to 8 million eggs production.

Population trends: There is no available information on the population trends. But due to overfishing and pollution in the Black Sea, the decline is possible.

Threats: Turbidity, food shortage and pollution.

Conservation measures taken: None.

Conservation measures proposed: Mitigating all kinds of pollution, stopping the overfishing.


  1. Aksiray, F. 1987. Turkish Marine Fishes Identification Book. Publication of Univerisy of Istanbul, No. 3490. The Second Edition. 811 pp. Istanbul, Turkey.

Compiled by: B.Öztürk.