Cladium mariscus Linnaeus, Pohl., 1810

Cladium mariscus imageSynonyms: None.

Common names: Engl: Saw grass, Twig rush; Bulg: Rezhets kladium; Russ: Mech-trava obyknovennaya; Ukr: Mech-trava bolotna



Taxonomic descriptions: Perrenial herb with thick rootstock and round leaved stem 1-1.5 m in height. The leaves are linear. Flowers are associated in compound panicles with a head bunch with long lacerated bracteate leaves.

Cladium mariscus arealIUCN Status:
    World level: NE
    Black Sea Regional level: CR
    Subregion level: CR


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: The European-Mediterranean relict with disjunctive area. The species covers the Black Sea coast, wet seaside sands.

Biology: Flowering during VI-VII. Fruit-bearing - IX. Reproducing by seeds and vegetatively.

Population trends: Not numerous populations.

Threats: Drying-meliorated works, dwelling places destruction, creation of residental zones.

Conservation measures taken: The species is protected in the Reserve “Dunayskiye Plavni” (Ukraine).

Conservation measures proposed: To organized protected territories where it occurs.


  1. Rare and vanishing plants of the USSR/ Ac.A.Takhtajan. - Leningrad, 1981. - 264 p.
  2. Red Data Book of Bulgaria. Vol. 1. Plants. - Sofia, 1984. - 447 p.
  3. Red Data Book of Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic. Plants. - Moscow, 1988. - 590 p.
  4. Red Data Book of Ukraine. Vegetable Kingdom. - Kyiv, 1996. - 606 p.
  5. Tchopik V.I. Rare and vanishing plants of Ukraine. - Kiev, 1978. - 216 p.
  6. Zaverucha B.V., Andrienko T.L., Protopopova V.V. Protected plants of Ukraine. - Kiev, 1983. - 176 p.

Compiled by: S.Dyatlov, T.Vasilieva