Astrodaucus littoralis Drude, 1898

Astrodaucus littoralis imageSynonyms: Daucus bessarabicus DC.; Caucalis littoralis Bieb

Common names: Russ: Morkovnitsa pribrezhnaya; Ukr: Morkovnitsya pryberezhna

Order: ARALIALES (APIALES)

Family: APIACEAE (UMBELLIFERAE)

Taxonomic descriptions: It is a monocarp biennial plant 30-80 cm in height with parted leaves, their last parts are linear, have rare hairs at the leaf margin. The umbels are 4-8 cm in diameter with 8-18 bare rays. Petals are white, slightly pink, hollowed on a top. The foetus is 3-7 mm lengthwise and 0.3 mm wide (without spout), with thick pyramidal thorns lengthwise which are about the width of the foetus.

Astrodaucus littoralis arealIUCN Status:
    World level: DD
    Black Sea Regional level: VU
    Subregion level: VU in Ukraine

Distribution:

Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Littoral strip of the sea coast, coastal sands and places near rocks. Critical habitats: Evpatoria, Mysovoye (Kazantip Cape), Sudak, Maly Mayak and Karabakh (southern coast of the Crimea). Limiting factors: small size of population, elimination during storms and other unfavourable natural situations, phytophagans feeding.

Biology: Flowering and fruit-bearing - in June-August. Reproduction - by seeds.

Population trends: The population is not numerous, it has a tendency to decline.

Threats: Habitat destruction because of the creation of artificial beaches and building in coastal zone, recreation load, collection for eating.

Conservation measures taken: The species has been entered in the Red Data Books of Bulgaria and Ukraine.

Conservation measures proposed: Complete inventory of locations, population monitoring, and organization of natural reservations. Can be cultivated for eating.

References:

  1. Rubtsov, N.I. (ed.), 1972. Opredelitel' vysshikh rasteniy Kryma. (Identification Book of the Crimean Higher Plants). Leningrad: Nauka, 550 pp., (in Russian).
  2. Luks, Y.A., Privalova, L.A., and Kryukova, I.V., 1976. Katalog redkikh, ischezayushchikh i unichtozhaemykh rasteniy flory Kryma, rekomenduyemykh dlya zapovednoy okhrany. 1976. (Catalogue of Rare, Disappearing and Exterminative Crimean Flora Plants Recommended for Protection). Yalta: GNBS, 24 pp., (in Russian).
  3. Velchev, V. (ed.), 1984. Chervena kniga na NR Bulgaria. Tom 1. Rasteniya. (The Red Data Book of Bulgaria. Vol. 1. Plants). Sofia: Izdatelstvo na Bulgarskata Akademia na naukite, 448 pp., (in Bulgarian).
  4. Novosad, V.V., 1992. Flora Kerchensko-Tamanskogo Regiona. (The Flora of Kerch-Taman Region). Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 277 pp., (in Russian).
  5. Golubev, V.N., 1996. Biologicheskaya flora Kryma. (Biological Flora of the Crimea). Yalta: GNBS, 86 pp., (in Russian).
  6. Shelyag-Sosonko, Yu.R. (ed.), 1996. Chervona Knyga Ukrayiny. (The Red Data Book of Ukraine). Kyiv: Ukrayins'ka Entzyklopediya, 608 pp., (in Ukrainian).

Compiled by: L.Vakhrusheva