Astrodaucus littoralis Drude, 1898

Astrodaucus littoralis imageSynonyms: Daucus bessarabicus DC.; Caucalis littoralis Bieb

Common names: Russ: Morkovnitsa pribrezhnaya; Ukr: Morkovnitsya pryberezhna



Taxonomic descriptions: It is a monocarp biennial plant 30-80 cm in height with parted leaves, their last parts are linear, have rare hairs at the leaf margin. The umbels are 4-8 cm in diameter with 8-18 bare rays. Petals are white, slightly pink, hollowed on a top. The foetus is 3-7 mm lengthwise and 0.3 mm wide (without spout), with thick pyramidal thorns lengthwise which are about the width of the foetus.

Astrodaucus littoralis arealIUCN Status:
    World level: DD
    Black Sea Regional level: VU
    Subregion level: VU in Ukraine


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Littoral strip of the sea coast, coastal sands and places near rocks. Critical habitats: Evpatoria, Mysovoye (Kazantip Cape), Sudak, Maly Mayak and Karabakh (southern coast of the Crimea). Limiting factors: small size of population, elimination during storms and other unfavourable natural situations, phytophagans feeding.

Biology: Flowering and fruit-bearing - in June-August. Reproduction - by seeds.

Population trends: The population is not numerous, it has a tendency to decline.

Threats: Habitat destruction because of the creation of artificial beaches and building in coastal zone, recreation load, collection for eating.

Conservation measures taken: The species has been entered in the Red Data Books of Bulgaria and Ukraine.

Conservation measures proposed: Complete inventory of locations, population monitoring, and organization of natural reservations. Can be cultivated for eating.


  1. Rubtsov, N.I. (ed.), 1972. Opredelitel' vysshikh rasteniy Kryma. (Identification Book of the Crimean Higher Plants). Leningrad: Nauka, 550 pp., (in Russian).
  2. Luks, Y.A., Privalova, L.A., and Kryukova, I.V., 1976. Katalog redkikh, ischezayushchikh i unichtozhaemykh rasteniy flory Kryma, rekomenduyemykh dlya zapovednoy okhrany. 1976. (Catalogue of Rare, Disappearing and Exterminative Crimean Flora Plants Recommended for Protection). Yalta: GNBS, 24 pp., (in Russian).
  3. Velchev, V. (ed.), 1984. Chervena kniga na NR Bulgaria. Tom 1. Rasteniya. (The Red Data Book of Bulgaria. Vol. 1. Plants). Sofia: Izdatelstvo na Bulgarskata Akademia na naukite, 448 pp., (in Bulgarian).
  4. Novosad, V.V., 1992. Flora Kerchensko-Tamanskogo Regiona. (The Flora of Kerch-Taman Region). Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 277 pp., (in Russian).
  5. Golubev, V.N., 1996. Biologicheskaya flora Kryma. (Biological Flora of the Crimea). Yalta: GNBS, 86 pp., (in Russian).
  6. Shelyag-Sosonko, Yu.R. (ed.), 1996. Chervona Knyga Ukrayiny. (The Red Data Book of Ukraine). Kyiv: Ukrayins'ka Entzyklopediya, 608 pp., (in Ukrainian).

Compiled by: L.Vakhrusheva