Asparagus litoralis Steven, 1857
Synonyms: Asparagus misczenkoi Iljin; Asparagus neglectus Kar et Kir; Asparagus monoclados Vved.; Asparagus ferganensis Vved
Common names: Engl: Coastal asparagus; Bulg: Asperja; Russ: Sparzha pribrezhnaya; Turk: Kiyi asparagusu; Ukr: Kholodok pryberezhny
Taxonomic descriptions: It is a perennial grass 30-50 cm in height. The plant is dioecious. Cladodes are thick (0.3-0.7 mm in diameter), bare, furrowed, near 1.0-1.5 cm lengthwise, in a high degree fan-like diverging from stem, in bundles of 4-10 ones. Flowers are located in the top of the floriferous stems and branches. The berry is red, near 7-8 mm in diameter.
World level: NE
Black Sea Regional level: VU
Subregion level: VU in Ukraine
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: The plant prefer littoral strip, sands, cockle-shells, shingle and rocks. Critical habitats: Crimean coastline, in particular, Sudak, Shchebetovka, Maly Mayak, Ayudag mountain. Limiting factors: endemism, limited distribution and small population size; storm destructive action and phytophagans feeding.
Biology: Flowering - in May-June, fruit-bearing - in July-August. Reproduction - by seeds and vegetatively.
Population trends: Population is not numerous, it has a tendency to decline.
Threats: Picking for bunches decoration; habitat destruction because of the creation of artificial beaches.
Conservation measures taken: The species has been entered in the Red Data Book of Ukraine.
Conservation measures proposed: Revealing of species locations, population monitoring, organization of reservations in the Crimea (in Kerch and Tarkhankut peninsula areas). Can be cultivated as an edible plant.
Compiled by: L. Vakhrusheva