Agropyron litorale (Dum., 1823)

Synonyms: Triticum litorale Host, 1809; Triticum pycnanthum Godr., 1854; Triticum repens L. var. litorale Aschers. et Graebn., 1901.

Common names: Bulg: Kraymorski pirey, Kraybrezhen pirey.

Order (Scientific): POALES.

Family (Scientific): POACEAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: Blue-greenish plant with stems usually gathered in loose tufts, naked, up to 50 cm high with short rambling roots. Naked blades, rough at the margin, short and bristle-like twisted; short stigma cilliated at the top. Inflorescence - up to 10 cm long with rough, crumbly axis. The spikelets are reverse ovate to lanceolate, 12-18 mm long with (3) 5-7 florets. Chaffs - 7 mm to 9 mm long, naked, almost similar to each other, gradually short-pointed out, in the lower spikelets often with a prickle with 5 to 7 veins and projecting rough midrib. The lower chaff is naked, from 7 mm to 10 mm long, lanceolate, blunt, cut or with a short prickle or awn. The upper chaff is a bit longer from the lower one, naked and thickly cilliated only around its margin.

Agropyron litorale arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: EN


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Coastal sands. Humidity and salinity.

Biology: Perennial grassy plant. Blooms in July, propagates in August-September. Reproduces through seeds and vegetatively through sprouts.

Population trends: Decrease.

Threats: Total site contamination.

Conservation measures taken: The site is located in the resort Kavatsite which is within the range of the Reserve "Pyasachna Liliya" (Sandy Lily).

Conservation measures proposed: Inclusion of other sites in protected areas.


  1. Kitanov, B. 1963. Flora na Balgaria. I. Rod Agropyrum Gart., 447-456.
  2. Stoyanov, N., B. Stefanov, B. Kitanov. 1966. Flora na Balgaria. I, 4 izd.. 563 pp.

Compiled by: M.Filipova.