Agropyron litorale (Dum., 1823)
Synonyms: Triticum litorale Host, 1809; Triticum pycnanthum Godr., 1854; Triticum repens L. var. litorale Aschers. et Graebn., 1901.
Common names: Bulg: Kraymorski pirey, Kraybrezhen pirey.
Order (Scientific): POALES.
Family (Scientific): POACEAE.
Taxonomic descriptions: Blue-greenish plant with stems usually gathered in loose tufts, naked, up to 50 cm high with short rambling roots. Naked blades, rough at the margin, short and bristle-like twisted; short stigma cilliated at the top. Inflorescence - up to 10 cm long with rough, crumbly axis. The spikelets are reverse ovate to lanceolate, 12-18 mm long with (3) 5-7 florets. Chaffs - 7 mm to 9 mm long, naked, almost similar to each other, gradually short-pointed out, in the lower spikelets often with a prickle with 5 to 7 veins and projecting rough midrib. The lower chaff is naked, from 7 mm to 10 mm long, lanceolate, blunt, cut or with a short prickle or awn. The upper chaff is a bit longer from the lower one, naked and thickly cilliated only around its margin.
Black Sea Regional level:
Subregion level: EN
Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: Coastal sands. Humidity and salinity.
Biology: Perennial grassy plant. Blooms in July, propagates in August-September. Reproduces through seeds and vegetatively through sprouts.
Population trends: Decrease.
Threats: Total site contamination.
Conservation measures taken: The site is located in the resort Kavatsite which is within the range of the Reserve "Pyasachna Liliya" (Sandy Lily).
Conservation measures proposed: Inclusion of other sites in protected areas.
Compiled by: M.Filipova.