Aegilops geniculata (Roth)

Synonyms: Aegilops ovata p.p., 1759; Aegilops pontica auct. (Deg.) Valev, 1963; Aegilops lorentii auct. Hochst., 1845.

Common names: Bulg: Kolenchato divo zhito, Pontiyski egilops, Lorentsiev egilops.

Order (Scientific): POALES.

Family (Scientific): POACEAE.

Taxonomic descriptions: Hairy plant with hairy root, noded stems gathered in tufts reaching upwards from 20 cm to 40 cm. Flat and thick leaves. The spike (without awns) is 2-3 cm long, hard, with 3-4 spikelets of which the upper 1-2 are always non- fructiferous and the lower 2 - always frucfiferous, rounded, slightly swollen with 6-8 awns each. The chaffs of the fructiferous spikelets are strongly bristlelike rugged along the veins but naked between them ending at the tip with 2 long almost similar awns.

Aegilops geniculata arealIUCN Status:
    World level:
    Black Sea Regional level:
    Subregion level: CE


Habitats type, Critical habitats, Limiting factors: On temporary flooded grassy area with high salinity, dry with low salinity, humidity and salinity.

Biology: Reproduction through seeds. Blooms in May, propagates in June, annual grassy plant.

Population trends: Decrease.

Threats: Fluctuation of the water level, contamination of the site.

Conservation measures taken: Protected. Found in a protected area classified as protected land.

Conservation measures proposed: Preservation of the existing conditions in the protected area, mainly the flooded lands. Inclusion in a seed-bank.


  1. Valev, S., 1963. Flora na NRB. Vol. I, genus Aegilops L., pp. 470-474.
  2. Stoyanov N., Stefanov B., Kitanov B. 1966. Flora na Bulgaria. Vol. I, Ed. 4. Sofia. 563 p.

Compiled by: M.Filipova.