First Meeting of the Advisory Group on the
Conservation of Biological Diversity
"BLACK SEA RED DATA BOOK"
Held in Istanbul, Turkey, 21-23 January 1997
Programme Coordination Unit
GEF Black Sea Environmental Programme
I. Opening of the Meeting
II. The Grounds, Purpose and Objectives of the Meeting
The grounds, purpose and objectives of the meeting were reviewed in the introductory speeches by Professor Yuvenaly Zaitsev and Dr. Vladimir Mamaev:
On the base of the scientific data included in the "Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis" the "Strategic Action Plan for the Rehabilitation and Protection of the Black Sea (BS-SAP)" was adopted at the Ministerial Conference held in Istanbul in October 1996. In signing the BS-SAP the governments of Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, the Russian Federation, Turkey and Ukraine made the following commitment (paragraph 61):
"A regional Black Sea Red Data Book, identifying and describing endangered species, will be prepared and published by December 1998. It is advised that the work on the Red Data Book be coordinated by the Istanbul Commission, through its Advisory Group on the Conservation of Biological Diversity".
Nevertheless, many GEF BSEP experts and PCU staff feel strongly that work on BSRDB should be started as soon as it is possible. This process will consist of two main stages, namely:
Purpose of the meeting
To initiate the first stage (II.1.a) of BSRDB preparation on the national level (in each Black Sea country).
III. Review of National and International Red Data Books and Lists
IV. Geographical Coverage of the BSRDB
It was decided that the geographical scope of the BSRDB should cover the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, and also all of their coasts, including wetlands connected to the seas. The geographical scope of the BSRDB will not cover the entire Black Sea basin or extend to the Sea of Marmara.[The geographical scope of the BSRDB will thus be identical with the scope of the GEF BSEP.]
V. List of Animal and Plant Taxa
It was decided that the BSRDB will include:
The preliminary list of taxa (Annex 5) prepared by Prof. Yuvenaly Zaitsev was discussed 'step by step' by the national representatives. The entire list was adopted as the basis for further work. It was decided that additional species could be included (the list is open for any additions) if it is deemed necessary and if the proposal for admission is backed by reliable information.
Bird Life International (BLI) was proposed as an advisor organization. BLI can provide additional information on the birds which will be listed in BSRDB.
VI. IUCN Categories for BSRDB Preparation
After multiple discussions it was decided to use all eight IUCN Red List Categories prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission (1994) to describe the status of each species, namely:
The IUCN Criteria and Guidelines for applying the Red List Categories (1995) were distributed among the participants at the meeting.
VII. General Structure of the BSRDB and a Sheet for Species Description
The BSRDB will be prepared in two versions:
Both versions will consist of:
The book will be written in English. The scientific names of each species will also be given in Latin and in the official languages of the Black Sea countries (Bulgarian, Georgian, Romanian, Russian, Turkish and Ukrainian). A list of the common names of some threatened Black Sea species (prepared by Prof. Yuvenaly Zaitsev) is contained in Annex 6.
The species descriptions (sheets/files) will be divided into several chapters according to plant and animal taxonomy. The sheet/file of each species description will include the following information:
The participants agreed on the format of the Species Sheet. Dr. Vladimir Vladimirov prepared a computer matrix for this sheet and distributed it among the participants (Annex 7). Dr. Vladimirov also prepared a draft view of the multimedia screen consisting of three windows: a map window, a picture window and a descriptive text window (Annex 8).
VIII. Working Plan, Coordination and Funding
The BSEP PCU will provide national experts with small contracts.
IX. Closure of the Meeting
The meeting was closed at 16:30 p.m. on 23 January 1997 with an acknowledgment of the efforts of the chairperson, the participants and the staff of BSEP PCU.
LIST OF DISTRIBUTED DRAFT DOCUMENTS
AND ADDITIONAL WORKING MATERIALS
In addition, Mr. Cem Kirac distributed the following:
SUMMARIES OF RED DATA BOOKS IN THE BLACK SEA COUNTRIES
by Tsonka Konsulova
The "Red Data Book (RDB) of the Republic of Bulgaria" was published in 1985 in order to make the public familiar with the prevailing state of plant and animal species which were found only infrequently in the country, e.g. they were not as widespread as "ordinary ones".
Three categories of deficiency were adopted:
The two-volume Bulgarian RDB provides a sound basis for a large number of positive initiatives and statutory acts aimed at the improvement, protection and restoration of the species included in it. It also serves as a basis for the adoption of measures to protect other species that are not yet included in it. The species in the Bulgarian RDB were classified according to the present level of knowledge on the genetic fund; this knowledge is rather scarce on certain groups of plants and animals.
Volume 2 of the Bulgarian RDB includes information on 157 vertebrate species of the classes Cyclostomata, Osteichthyes, Amphipoda, Reptilia, Aves and Mammalia.
The description of each species contains the following information:
The Bulgarian RDB gave the number of extinct (Category A), threatened by extinction (Category B) and rare (Category C) animals as follows:
Of these 157 animal species, 65 were marine and brackish water species. They were subdivided as follows:
The RDB of Bulgaria (animals) consists of the following chapters:
The Editorial Board shares the general opinion that the RDB may contain omissions or inaccuracies in the definition of a given category. This makes it imperative that there is a continuous monitoring of the number and state of the populations of rare and threatened species. The Editorial Board adds that on the lower animals and plants (e.g. invertebrates etc.) should also be taken into consideration. In addition to providing the scientific basis for nature conservation there is no doubt that the book will make a major contribution to the correct conservation, restoration and rational use of the genetic fund.
by Akaki Komakhidze
An analysis of the existing literature has shown that the following publications are currently available in Georgia:
The Red Data Book (RDB) of the USSR uses five different status categories, namely:
The following species of Black Sea fauna and flora are included in the RDB of the USSR:
The RDB of Georgia contains status categories, namely:
The following species of Black Sea fauna and flora are included in the RDB of Georgia:
The compilation of a Black Sea RDB necessitates a consistent approach to classification in all the littoral states. It is suggested that the classification adopted in 1994 by the International Union on the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) be taken as a basis, namely:
However, we believe that for the marine hydrobionts such classification is so detailed and complicated as to make it impossible to use practically. The issue should be studied by relevant experts and an acceptable classification adopted according to their recommendations. All the littoral states should set up national expert teams to assist with the compilation of a Black Sea RDB. These teams will identify the geographical areas (swamps, estuaries, adjacent lakes, etc.) connected with the Black Sea and decide whether they should be included in the Black Sea RDB. Only after the geographical scope of the book has been finalized can other issues connected with the Red Book be discussed.
by Adriana Petranu
There is no national Red Data Book (RDB) in Romania. The preparation of a Danube Delta RDB is one of the tasks of the Strategic Plan for the Management of Danube Delta, and considerable information concerning the marine sector of the delta is already stored in its database.
In addition, some Romanian marine biologists have published lists of rare and threatened species, including a Red List of extinct, endangered, rare and insufficiently known benthic macrophytes in the Romanian Black Sea. An inventory of marine algae was prepared on the basis of categories proposed by the International Union on the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Field studies covering the last three decades identified 143 macrophytes in Romanian maritime waters, including: 20 extinct and endangered species (6 Chlorophyta, 4 Phaeophyta, 10 Rhodophyta), 34 rare species (6 Chlorophyta, 2 Xanthophyta, 9 Phaeophyta, 17 Rhodophyta), and 4 insufficiently known species (1 Phaeophyta, 3 Rhodophyta).
Extinct and Endangered Species of Marine Macrophytes in Romania
|Cladophora rupestris||Myrionema strangulans||Corallina elongata|
|Cladophora hatchinsiae||Petalonia zosterifolia||Dasya baillouriana|
|Enteromorpha kylinii||Pilayella littoralis||Erythrocladia irregularis|
|Enteromorpha torta||Stictyosiphon adriaticus||Gelidium latifolium|
|Entocladia viridis||Gelidiella antipai|
|Pseudopringsheimia confluens||Laurencia ortusa|
Five species of Natantia and three species of Reptantia decapods have disappeared from Romanian Black Sea coastal waters:
Extinct Species of Decapods in Romania
|Hippolyte inermis Leach, 1815||Callianassa pontica Czern, 1884|
|Lysmata seticaudata Risso, 1816||Callianassa truncata Giard-Bonnier, 1890|
|Pontophylus fasciatus Hailst, 1835||Macropodia aegiptia Milne-Edov, 1834|
|Pontophylus trispinosus Hailst, 1835|
|Processa pontica Sorinsky, 1885|
by Stanislav Volovik
The Red Data Book of the USSR (1984) and the Red Data Book of the RSFSR (1983) were published in Russia. The following Black Sea/Azov Sea Basin animal species are included in the Red Data Book (RDB) of the USSR:
The RDB of the RSFSR contains less species than the RDB of the USSR, particularly as regards aquatic organisms. For example, the RSFSR RDB does not include any species of Black Sea/Azov Sea fish or molluscs.
In 1996 a two-volume book of the rare and endangered plants and animals in the Rostov-on-Don region was published. It includes some representatives of Black Sea/Azov Sea ecosystems, but the data presented pertains to the early and mid 1980s.
During the preparation of Russian National Report on Black Sea Biodiversity it was found that in recent years the population status of many species in the Rostov-Don region has deteriorated. It is possible that a similar situation exists in the Krasnodar region, although data has yet to be published.
Support should be provided for the publication of a RDB for the Black Sea/Azov Sea Basin. The State Committee of Fisheries of the Russian Federation promised to provide some financial support for the preparation of the book, but only for the section on aquatic organisms.
All the threatened and rare organisms in the marine and coastal ecosystems (including wetlands) should be included in the Black Sea RDB. A source of funding should be sought for specialists who will compile data on plants (excluding algae), amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
by Bayram Ozturk
No Red Data Book (RDB) has yet been published in Turkey. After the Turkish Ministry of the Environment signed the Rio Declaration in 1992, it decided to prepare a Turkish RDB. The book is still being prepared and is currently expected to be published in 1998. It will include both aquatic and terrestrial organisms.
However, even though Turkey has no RDB, some threatened species are nevertheless under legal protection. For example the catching of Huso huso, Monachus monachus, and three cetacean species in the Black Sea is forbidden.
DHKD, a Turkish NGO, recently compiled a Turkish RDB for birds. It is due to be published later in 1997.
STATUS OF THE MONK SEAL (M.monachus) ON THE BLACK SEA COASTS OF TURKEY
By Cem Kirac
The existence of the Monk Seals was mentioned by Mursalaglu (1964), Berkes (1978), Ozturk (1996) and Kirac & Savas(1996). As recent information it is stated that 2 monk seals are recorded in the Turkish Black Sea coast in between 1991 -1994, swimming along the coast between Cide, Gatalzeytin, Inebow, Abana and Doganyurt (Ozturk, 1996). He also states that the population of M.monachus in the Black Sea is diminishing very fast.
Meanwhile, the studies of AFAG in between Akcakoca and Zonguldak having 74 km coastline performed in between 1989 and 1994 revealed that monk seal is extinct in this zone with the last regular monk seal sighting in December 1987 (Kirac & Savas, 1996).
SAD/AFAG made two expeditions in these coasts in 1993 and 1994 respectively. Our studies contained only interviews with professional artisan fishermen who log many hours and days on seas which many scientist and conservationist could not perform. Also, amateur coastal fishermen, seaman, divers and other interested people are interviewed. The standard inquiry form of AFAG for "Monk Seal Sightings" were used in taking Seal Sighting data and each sighting sheet is stored in a Dbase Program to keep and analyze the data when needed.
On the contrary of our studies made on the western Black Sea Coasts (between Akcakoca and Zonguldak) AFAG could not make field studies on seas in the Central Black Sea Coasts due to limited finance. However, we could obtain preliminary data about the existence of monk seals, approx. number and their approx. distribution on the 350 km coastline. The results of these two expeditions showed that min. three monk seals live on Turkish Black Sea Coasts. This number is not the result of individual identifications but an indication of total # of seal sighted together.
AFAG obtained 97 seal sighting data belonging to the years between 1960 - 1995, while 78 sighting data belong to the period between 1990 - 1995 (July). There 2 seals together (n=4) in 3 different locations between 1990 - 1995 & 3 seals together (n=3) in 3 different locations between 1990 - 1995.
The different locations having multiple seal sightings may indicate the higher numbers of monk seals indicated above. The distances of the sighting locations can be given separately upon request.
Habitat degradation is minimal and there is tourist development in the mentioned zone of Turkish Black Sea Coast. Protection of species seems much easier comparing to other parts of Turkey (Kirac & Veryeri, 1996), (Guclusoy, 1995, 1996) as have been experienced through our short and long term research and/or conservation projects. There are 17 caves found by Ozturk (1996) in just one part of the mentioned zone.
by Boris Alexandrov
Law N2750-XII "Red Data Book of Ukraine" was signed on 29 October 1992. According to this law, 430 species of plants and 396 species of animals in Ukraine are listed as Red Data Book (RDB) organisms. They include 19 species of algae and 100 species of animals which are inhabitants of the Black Sea.
The first volume of the Ukrainian RDB (Animals) was published in 1994. It included pictures, maps and detailed description of extinct and endangered species. The second volume of the Ukrainian RDB (Plants) is due to be published shortly *.
Some Ukrainian specialists recommend including in the Black Sea RDB species which do not live in the sea but have causal relations (trophic and living connections) with marine ecosystems. These include some species of birds and plants which inhabit coastal dunes, peninsulas, islands and wetlands. The following list of these organisms has been compiled by ornithologists (Dr. J. Chernichko, Ju. Andriuschenko, V. Kinda and P. Gorlov from the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station of Ukraine) and botanists (Dr. S. Djatlov and Dr. T. Vasiljeva-Nemertsalova from Odessa State University) :
|Eryngium maritimum L.||Ephedra distachya L.|
|Crambe pontica Stev. Ex Rupr..||Cladium mariscus (L.) R.Br|
|Chrysopogon gryllus (l.) Trin.||Eremogone cephalotes (Bieb.) Fenzl.|
|Ornithogalum refractum Schlecht||Pancratium maritimum L.|
|Pelecanus onocrotalus||Accipiter brevipes||Anthropoides virgo|
|Pelecanus crispus||Buteo rufinis||Otis tarda|
|Phalacrocorax aristotelis||Circaetus gallicus||Tetrax tetrax|
|Phalacrocorax pygmaeus||Hieraaetus pennatus||Burhinus oedienemus|
|Areola ralloides||Aquila rapax||Charadrius alexandrinus|
|Platalea leucorodia||Aquila clanga||Himantopus nimantopus|
|Plegadis falcinellus||Aquila pomarina||Haematopus ostralegus|
|Ciconi nigra||Aquila heliaca||Tringa stagnatilis|
|Rufibrenta rufficollis||Aquila chrysaetos||Numenius tenuirostris|
|Cygnus bewickii||Larus ichthyaetus||Numenius arquata|
|Tadorna ferruginea||Hydroprogue caspia||Numenius phaeopus|
|Bucephala clangula||Bubo bubo||Glareola pratincola|
|Aythya nyroca||Haliaeetus albicilla||Glareola nordmanni|
|Somateria mollissima||Mouticola saxatilis||Emberizia melanocephala|
|Oxyura leucocephala||Aegypius monachus||Sturnus roseus|
|Mergus serrator||Gyps fulvus||Neophron percnopterus|
|Pandion haliaetus||Falco cherrug||Tyto alba|
|Milvus milvus||Falco peregrinus||Lanius senator|
|Circus cyaneus||Falco naumanni|
|Circus macrourus||Grus grus|
* The second volume of the Ukrainian RDB (Plants) was published in February 1997. It is available from the Ministry for Environmental Protection and Nuclear Safety of Ukraine.
BRIEF COMMENTS ON THE STRUCTURE AND CONTENTS
OF A FUTURE BLACK SEA RED DATA BOOK
by Alexei Birkun
The Black Sea Red Data Book (BSRDB) group (commission) should be organized as a permanent working body of the BSEP Biodiversity Party and later as an institution under the Secretariat of the Bucharest Convention to provide a basic and continuous inventory of threatened species of flora and fauna of the Black Sea including both its smaller seas and coastal zone. The geographic scope of the BSRDB should not (at least for the present) include the whole Black Sea basin.
The BSRDB group should prepare the first volume of the BSRDB (Animals) during 1997 using already existing knowledge of threatened species of regional fauna. Volume 2 (Plants) would be a second step (in 1998).
The BSRDB should be published in two versions: as a conventional book and as software (CD multimedia). Both versions will include:
English is the preferred language, but the scientific names of animal and plant species should also be added in Latin and in the official languages of all six Black Sea countries (Bulgarian, Georgian, Romanian, Russian, Turkish and Ukrainian) with sound transcription.
The main part of the BSRDB (Vol.1: Animals) may be divided into chapters similar to most of the prototypes; for example, the National Red Data Book of Ukraine (edited by N. N. Szczerbak, 1994):
Each chapter (5.a - 5.k) should consist of several files (essays) concerning all the species that will be included in the Regional Red List of Animals - the taxonomic matrix of the BSRDB.
The Regional Red List of Animals has to be prepared on the basis of:
The preparation of the Regional List is one of the most important stages in the design of the BSRDB. It requires multiple cross-related consultations between various specialists both from within and outside the Black Sea region. The Regional List should not be a simple amalgamation of national lists.
Each file (essay) on every species should consist of the following data and illustrations (minimum):
Wild [captive] life video and sound tracks (predominantly already recorded) may be enclosed in several species files and may also be presented as multimedia annexes.
The indices and software menus should be easily cross-referenced with the main text (species description) of the BSRDB.
DRAFT LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES OF BLACK SEA PLANTS AND ANIMALS TO BE INCLUDED IN THE BLACK SEA RED DATA BOOK*
by Yuvenaly Zaitsev
|Cystoseira barbata||Good. et Wood Ag., 1821||E||NWS|
|Phyllophora nervosa||(D.C.) Grev., 1830||V||NWS|
|Phyllophora brodiaei||Turn. J.Ag., 1842||V||NWS|
|Halichondria panicea||Pallas, 1766||V||NWS|
|Moerisia maeotica||Ostroumov, 1896, (Pontian relict)||V||NWS|
|Ophelia bicornis||Savigny, 1820||V||NWS|
|Hesionides arenaria||Friedrich, 1937||E||NWS|
|Actacarus pygmaeus||Schulz, 1936||E||NWS|
|Acarochelopodia delamarei||Angelier, 1953||E||NWS|
|Anomalocera patersoni||Templeton, 1837||V||Black Sea|
|Pontella mediterranea||Claus, 1863||V||Black Sea|
|Labidocera brunescens||Czernjavsky, 1868||V||NWS|
|Branchinecta orientalis||G.O. Sars||E||NWS wetlands|
|Tanymastix stagnalis||Linnaeus, 1758||E||ibid.|
|Branchinella spinosa||Milne-Edwards, 1840||E||ibid.|
|Branchinectella media||Schmankewitsch, 1873||E||ibid.|
|Hemimysis anomala||G.O. Sars, 1907, Endemic species||E||Ukrainian marine wetlands.|
|Hemimysys serrata||Bacescu, 1938||E||ibid. idem|
|Katamysis warpachowskyi||G.O. Sars, 1893||E||ibid. idem|
|Iphigenella acanthopoda||G.O. Sars, 1896||V||ibid. idem|
|Homarus vulgaris||H. Milne Edwards, 1837||R||Black Sea, Southern shelf|
|Upogebia pusilla||Pentagna, 1792||E||NWS|
|Callianassa pontica||Czernjavsky, 1884||E||NWS|
|Diogenes pugilator||Roux, 1828||V||NWS|
|Clibanarius erythropus||Latreille, 1818||R||NWS|
|Carcinus mediterraneus||Czernjavsky, 1884||V||NWS|
|Macropipus arcuatus||Leach, 1815||V||NWS|
|Pilumnus hirtellus||Linne, 1766||V||NWS|
|Eriphia verrucosa||Forskal, 1775||E||NWS|
|Xantho poressa||Olivi, 1792||E||NWS|
|Pachygrapsus marmoratus||Fabricius, 1787||V||NWS|
|Patella tarentina||Salis, 1793||V||NWS|
|Melaraphe neritoides||Linne, 1758||V||NWS|
|Aporrhais pespelecani||Linne, 1758||R||Southern shelf|
|Ostrea edulis||Linne, 1758||V||NWS|
|Solen vagina||Linne, 1758||V||NWS|
|Donacilla cornea||Poli, 1791||E||NWS|
|Marthasterias glacialis||Linne, 1765||R||Southern shelf|
|Echinocyamus pusillus||O. Muller, 1776||R||Southern shelf|
|Botryllus schlosseri||Pallas, 1766||V||NWS|
|Amphioxus (Branchiostoma) lanceolatum||Pallas, 1774||R||Black Sea|
|Acipenser sturio||Linnaeus, 1758||E||Black Sea|
|Acipenser nudiventris||Lovetzky, 1828||E||NWS|
|Acipenser ruthenus||Linnaeus, 1758||V||NWS estuaries|
|Huso huso ponticus||Salnikov et Malatski, 1934||V||NWS and the Sea of Azov|
|Salmo trutta labrax||Pallas, 1814||E||Black Sea|
|Hucho hucho hucho||Linnaeus, 1758||E||Danube delta|
|Umbra krameri||Walbaum, 1792 (Endemic species)||V||Danube and Dnestr rivers deltas|
|Atherina mochon pontica||Eichwald, 1831||V||Bulgarian wetlands|
|Hippocampus guttulatus microstephanus||Slastenenko, 1937||V||Black Sea|
|Lucioperca marina||Cuvier et Valenciennes, 1828||E||Dnestr and Dnepr rivers deltas|
|Callionymus belenus Risso||Risso, 1826||E||NWS|
|Scomber scombrus||Linnaeus, 1758||R||Black Sea|
|Sarda sarda||Bloch, 1793||R||Black Sea|
|Thunnus thynnus||Linnaeus, 1758||R||Black Sea|
|Xiphias gladius||Linnaeus, 1758||R||Black Sea|
|Solea nasuta||Nordmann, 1840||E||NWS|
|Pomatomus saltator||Cuvier, 1829||V||NWS|
|Mullus barbatus ponticus||Esipov, 1927||V||NWS|
|Chromis chromis||Linnaeus, 1758||R||Crimean shelf|
|Scorpaena porcus||Linnaeus, 1758||V||NWS|
|Knipowitschia caucasica||Kawrajsky, Berg, 1916||V||Bulgarian wetlands|
|Knipowitschia longicaudata||Kessler, 1877||E||Bulgarian wetlands|
|Benthophiloides brauneri||Beling et Iljin, 1927||R||Bulgarian wetlands|
|Pelecanus onocrotalus||Linnaeus, 1758||V||NWS deltas|
|Pelecanus crispus||Bruch, 1832||V||ibid.|
|Phalacrocorax carbo||Linnaeus, 1758||V||Bulgarian sector|
|Phalacrocorax aristotelis||Linnaeus, 1761||V||Crimeancoast|
|Phalacrocorax pygmaeus||Pallas, 1773||V||Danube, Dnestr|
|Ardeola ralloides||Scopoli, 1769||V||NWS and Sea of Azov|
|Platalea leucorodia||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Plegadis falcinellus||Linnaeus, 1766||V||ibid.|
|Rufibrenta ruficollis||Pallas, 1769||V||ibid.|
|Tadorna ferruginea||Pallas, 1764||V||ibid.|
|Aythya nyroca||Guldensta dt, 1770||V||ibid.|
|Mergus serrator||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Pandion haliaetus||Linnaeus, 1758||R||NWS wetlands|
|Aquila rapax||Temminck, 1828||E||Sivash Lagoon|
|Haliaeetus albicilla||Linnaeus, 1758||V||NWS and Sea of Azov|
|Charadrius alexandrinus||Linnaeus, 1758||R||ibid.|
|Himantopus himantopus||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Haematopus ostralegus||Linnaeus, 1758||R||ibid.|
|Numenius tenuirostris||Vieillot, 1817||E||ibid.|
|Numenius arquata||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Numenius phaeopus||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Glareola pratincola||Linnaeus, 1766||V||ibid.|
|Glareola nordmanni||Nordmann, 1842||E||ibid.|
|Larus ichthyaetus||Pallas, 1773||V||ibid.|
|Botaurus stellaris||Linnaeus, 1758||V||Bulgarian sector|
|Egretta alba||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Ardea purpurea||Linnaeus, 1766||V||ibid.|
|Phoenicopterus roseus||Pallas, 1811||R||ibid.|
|Anser anser||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Anser erythropus||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Cygnus olor||Gmelin, 1789||V||ibid.|
|Tadorna tadorna||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Anas strepera||Linnaeus, 1758||V||ibid.|
|Tursiops truncatus ponticus||Barabasch-Nikiforov, 1940||R||Black Sea|
|Phocoena phocoena relicta||Abel, 1905||E||Black Sea|
|Delphinus delphis ponticus||Barabasch-Nikiforov, 1935||I||Black Sea|
|Lutra lutra Linnaeus||Linnaeus, 1758||V||NWS wetlands|
|Felis silvestris||Schreber, 1777||E||Danube, Dnestr rivers deltas|
|Monachus monachus||Hermann, 1779||E||Black Sea|
|Insecta (From Ukrainian Black Sea and Sea of Azov wetlands. Species originated from aquatic media only)|
|Calopteryx virgo||Linnaeus, 1758||R|
|Calopteryx splendens taurica||Selys, 1853||R|
|Coenagrion lindeni||Selys, 1840||E|
|Coenagrion mercuriale||Charpentier, 1840||E|
|Anax imperator||Leach, 1815||R|
THE CONTENTS OF SPECIES DESCRIPTION (SPECIES SHEET)