Population in the coastal zone
  The Black Sea coastal zone is densely populated, containing a permanent population of approximately 16 million and another 4 million visitors during the summer tourist season.
  The longest and most densely population Black Sea coastal zones are in Turkey and Ukraine. The total population of the Turkish Black Sea coast is estimated at 6,700 000 (BSEP, ICZM National Report from Turkey). The largest towns in the Turkish coastal zone are: Kocaeli with a population of 1,339,000; Sakarya (815,000); Bolu (576,000); Zonguldak (647,000); Kastamonu (321,000); Sinop (206,000); Samsun (1,199,000); Ordu (925,000); Giresun (457,000); Trabzon (757,000); Rize (256,000); and Artvin (161,000).
  The total population of the Ukrainian coastal zone is about 6,800,000, almost half of whom live in large towns such as: Odessa (1,115,000), Nikolaev (503,000), Sevastopol (400,000), Kherson (355,000), Kerch (174,000), Evpatoria (108,000) and Yalta (89,600).
  A total of 1,159,000 people live in the Russian Black Sea coastal zone, many of them in large cities such as Sochi (142,000), Anapa (58,000), Novorossisk (244,000), Gelendgik (52,000) and Tuapse (66,000).
  The Bulgarian Black Sea coastal zone is characterised by a large number of resorts, the population of which can more than double during the tourist season. The total permanent population is estimated at 714,000 people. There are only two sizeable towns: Varna (313,000) and Burgas (210,490).
  The Romanian coastal zone has a total population of 573,000. The largest town in the coastal zone is Constantza, with a population of 350,000, followed by Mangalia, which has a total population of only 48,000.
  The total population of the Georgian coastal zone is estimated at 650,000. The largest towns are Batumi (137,100), Poti (50,900) and Kobuleti (33,700).
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