Activities  Sustainable Resource Use Mesopotamian Marshlands
Capacity Building
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-Lake Balaton
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-Mesopotamian Marshlands
 List of Press Clippings
 May 2003: Water Returns to the Desiccated Mesopotamian Marshlands
 28 May 2003: Press Release
 23 May 2003: Mesopotamian Marshlands Forum PPT Presentation
 22 March 2003: “Garden of Eden” in Southern Iraq Likely to Disappear Completely in Five Years Unless Urgent Action Taken
 2002: Photos
 2001: Report
 13 August 2001: Press Release
 18 May 2001: UNEP Study Sounds Alarm About the Disappearance of the Mesopotamian Marshlands
-Lake Balkhash
-Freshwater in Europe
-Water for Peace
-Nile River Basin


Roaming Iraqi Marsh Arab refugees lead their water buffalo herds along the banks of the Karun River.
(Iran, February 2002)
In the Dasht-E-Azadegan plains, the lower stretches of the Karkheh River are badly depleted and have become briny as the Karkheh dam became operational in April 2001.
(Iran, February 2002)

Roughly paralleling the northeastern edge of Hawr Al-Azim, the Shahid Hemmat military causeway guards entry into the wetlands.
(Iran, February 2002)

Despite a wet season, streams feeding the marshlands have dried-up.
(Iran, February 2002)
Feeder streams flowing into Hawr Al-Azim have run aground despite abundant rainfall in 2002.
(Iran, February 2002)
Giant reeds have withered for lack of water.
(Iran, February 2002)
Parched marsh beds in a puckered landscape.
(Iran, February 2002)
Dry reed stands are set ablaze as more land is seized for agriculture.
(Iran, February 2002)
Wetlands converted into wheat fields.
(Iran, February 2002)
Sturdy reeds continue to shoot up in newly reclaimed marshlands.
(Iran, February 2002)

Copyright © 2002 UNEP/DEWA~Europe/GRID-Europe

Satellite Imagery Dam Photo

26 March 2000

14 April 2001

3 May 2002
Landsat images timeline the impoundment of the Karkheh dam in Iran, which will take several more years to complete. When flooded, the reservoir will cover an area of 162.43 square kilometres and attain nearly 60 kilometres in length at normal water level. With a gross reservoir capacity of 7.3 billion cubic meters, the Karkheh dam is the largest of its kind in Iran and is planned to supply water for irrigation of 340,000 hectares of agricultural land.
Photo Credit © Karkheh Dam Project 

These satellite images were acquired by Landsat 7’s Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) and are provided courtesy of UNEP/GRID-Sioux Falls and USGS EROS Data Centre. This is a false-colour composite image made using mid-infrared, near-infrared, and green wavelengths (Bands 7,4 and 2).